International Association of Educators   |  ISSN: 1949-4270   |  e-ISSN: 1949-4289

Volume 15 Issue 4 (December 2020)

Issue Information

Issue Information

pp. i - vi   |  DOI: 10.29329/epasr.2020.323



Original Articles

Activity and Workbooks of Ministry of National Education: Preschool Teachers are Evaluating

Abdulhamit Karademir, Eren Ertör & Sibel Karabekmez

pp. 7 - 33   |  DOI: 10.29329/epasr.2020.323.1


The book sets “Preschool Education Activity Guidebook” for teachers and “Let’s Join Hands for Preschool Education” for children have been provided by the Ministry of National Education to all preschool education institutions since 2017 in order to provide high-quality preschool education, to help teachers develop different perspectives, and to discourage both students and teachers from using unreliable or inappropriate sources of information. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of the book sets on teachers and children. Phenomenology, which is qualitative research design, was used. The sample consisted of 24 preschool teachers from different educational institutions. Data were collected using interview forms created in Google Forms. Data were analyzed using second-cycle coding, which is inductive content analysis. Many participants are satisfied with the activity guidebooks and use them to develop different perspectives, to improve themselves, and to be more productive for their students. Teaching experiences and classroom materials affect the way they use the activity guidebooks. Although the book sets have some negative effects, they are guides for both teachers and parents. Participants think that the book sets are useful for education planning and process management but that different variables should also be taken into account when integrating them in education and that all available resources should be used to achieve professional development.

Keywords: Preschool education, activity guidebooks, children’s workbooks, preschool teachers, children

The Effect of Drama Course on Prospective Primary and Preschool Teachers’ Communication Skills

Aslı Yüksel, Fatma Betül Şenol & Tuğçe Akyol

pp. 34 - 48   |  DOI: 10.29329/epasr.2020.323.2


This research aims to determine the effect of the drama course on the communication skills of prospective primary and preschool teachers. In the research, a one group pretest-posttest model was used before the pilot-test. The research population of the study was 140 third-grade prospective teachers who studied at Afyon Kocatepe University Faculty of Education Primary and Preschool Education program and took drama lessons. Since the entire population was available for research, sampling was intentionally omitted. “Communication Skills Scale” developed by Korkut, Owen and Bugay (2014) was used as the data collection tool in the research. In the data analysis, Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test was used in the comparison of the difference between two pairs in dependent groups. In the comparison of binary groups, Mann Whitney U Test was applied. It was concluded that there was a significant difference in favour of the posttest among the pretest and posttest scores obtained from the “Communication Skills Scale” and its sub-dimensions of the prospective Primary and Pre-school teachers who took the drama course in the research and favour of the female prospective teachers among the pretest and total scores. It is also concluded that there is no significant difference between pretest and posttest score differences between Primary and Preschool prospective teachers.

Keywords: Drama, communication skills, preschool education, primary education, prospective teacher.

A Relational Study of Pre-Service Teachers’ Epistemological Beliefs, Educational Philosophy Tendencies and Teaching-Learning Conceptions

Alper Aytaç & Nihat Uyangör

pp. 49 - 68   |  DOI: 10.29329/epasr.2020.323.3


The aim of this study is to analyze, using a path analysis model, the predictive relationships among pre-service teachers’ epistemological beliefs, their educational philosophy tendencies and their teaching-learning conceptions. A relational screening model and predictive correlational design were used in this study. The sample of this study consisted of 1621 pre-service teachers from the faculty of education in a state university in Turkey.  The Epistemological Beliefs Scale adapted by Deryakulu & Büyüköztürk (2005), the Teaching-Learning Conceptions Scale adapted by Aypay (2011), and the Educational Philosophy Tendency Scale developed by researchers were all used as data collection tools. Path analysis was used to calculate predictive relationships among pre-service teachers’ epistemological beliefs, their educational philosophy tendencies, and their teaching-learning conceptions. Study findings indicate that pre-service teachers’ epistemological beliefs and their educational philosophy tendencies are statistically significant predictors of their teaching-learning conceptions. The findings also indicated that pre-service teachers’ epistemological beliefs are statistically significant predictors of their educational philosophy tendencies. In this context, predictive relationships among variables were scrutinized and a number of suggestions were made in light of these findings.

Keywords: Epistemological Beliefs, Educational Philosophy Tendencies, Teaching-Learning Conceptions.

Citizenship Consciousness and Moral Values in Civics Textbooks in Turkey (1924-1945)

Seval Yinilmez Akagündüz

pp. 69 - 85   |  DOI: 10.29329/epasr.2020.323.4


States need education to raise not only citizens but also good citizens. Changes in the concept of citizenship from the past to the present have also been reflected in civic education. While in ancient Greece, the good citizen was identified with being virtuous in the Aristotelian sense, with the emergence of nation-states, the good citizen is now symbolized by a person who is aware of his/her rights and responsibilities, devoted to his/her homeland, and whose national feelings are developed. Textbooks, which are one of the most important carriers of this transformation, form the main axis of our research. Textbooks, which are the tools of educational programs that reflect the social, ideological, cultural, and mental character of countries, have a serious share in the mental development of students, the transformation of their self-existence, and the creation of their personalities. In this context, the role played by textbooks, especially civics textbooks, in raising moral generations can not be overlooked. The aim of this research is to evaluate the six citizenship-themed textbooks prepared between 1924 and 1945, based on the social, political, and cultural atmosphere of the period, and to examine the awareness and importance of citizenship through philosophical questioning. This research was conducted with a case study method from qualitative research designs. Since the time period of the research (1924-1945) was long, six of the civics textbooks obtained by the documentary screening model were selected by the purposive sampling method. Based on the content of these textbooks, categories were created. The examination of the categories shows that the meanings attributed to the concept of "good" of the era in which the Civics Textbooks were written differ. However, in the textbooks examined in the research, there are also points that remain unchanged. It is understood that the students are expected to keep the concepts of land, homeland, and state above all else, and even willingly sacrifice their lives for them if necessary.

Keywords: Textbooks, civics, citizenship consciousness, moral education, values education

The Effect of the Use of Discussion Types on the Listening Skills of Convicts / Prisoners in Training-Improvement Activities Applied in Criminal Execution Institutions

Bahadır Ahmet Atila & Fulya Topçuoğlu Ünal

pp. 86 - 106   |  DOI: 10.29329/epasr.2020.323.5


Training and rehabilitation activities for convicts and detainees are of utmost importance for a state’s national policy in terms of their targeted lives after release. The purpose of this study is to put forward whether socio-cultural activities such as debate, panel, forum, open session used in education and training activities for the rehabilitation works performed for prisoners are effective in practice or not and making detections on the issue that activities related with improving the listening skills of prisoners can be improved or not. This research was carried out with 122 volunteer participants selected with random method from convicts/detainees in penal institutions of Bursa province who graduated from primary school, secondary school, high school and university. The study has been analyzed by five different achievements tests which have been designed by the researcher to measure the ability to understand the listening comprehension success and it has been analyzed with a statistical analysis software. The study reveals that with the use of discussion types the success of convicts/prisoners in listening comprehension has showed a significant difference between pre-test and post-test. 

Keywords: Penal execution institutions, Skills of listening, Convictions, Types of discussion

Teaching Secondary School Science through Creative Drama Method: A case study approach

Semih Dadük & Hülya Dede

pp. 107 - 126   |  DOI: 10.29329/epasr.2020.323.6


The purpose of this study is to evaluate the practicality of creative drama method for students in science teaching. For this purpose the effects of creative drama method on the students’ self-efficacy, scientific process skills and attitudes towards science have been investigated. An instrumental case study research method was used to teach the unit “States of Matter and Heat” unit in the 8th grade science curriculum through creative drama. The participants consisted of 20 eight grade students in a secondary school in Kilis. The group guide program, which consists of seven session plans, was prepared by the researchers in line with the views of three science education experts. The practice was carried out by the first author for a total of seven weeks in seven sessions, 80 minutes each. Data have been collected through “Science and Technology Course Self-efficacy Scale (STSS)”, “Scientific Process Skills (SPS) test”, “Science Course Attitude Scale (Science-AS)”, semi-structured interviews and observation. Obtained quantitative data were analyzed by Wilcoxon Signed Sequences test and the qualitative data were analyzed by content analysis. According to the results, the negative aspects of creative drama learning environment affected the practicability of creative drama method and the practicability of creative drama method increased significantly by eliminating these negative aspects. It was also found creative drama method increased their self-efficacy about learning science and attitudes towards science course, but it had no statistically significant effects on students’ scientific process skills. In accordance with these results, related suggestions were made for further studies.

Keywords: Creative drama method, practicality, scientific process skills, self-efficacy, science

Efficiency of Reading Time Application in Schools through the Eyes of Students

Bayram Arıcı

pp. 127 - 145   |  DOI: 10.29329/epasr.2020.323.7


Reading is the process of vocalizing a text by perceiving it through the eyes and the brain and of forming meanings from sounds. A student who learns to read in the first grade can develop this skill in later grades and read more fluently, in accordance with the type of text and reading rules. In order for students to read more willingly texts or books other than the ones they read in lessons, their reading skills should be developed, and  they should acquire reading habit. Students' acquisition of reading habit is closely related to interest and support by the class teacher at primary school, and by Turkish teachers and their families at secondary school. Teachers and families benefit from various applications so that students can acquire reading habit. Some schools engage in certain activities for this purpose. One of such activities in schools is reading time application. In this study, we aim to put forward certain implications related to reading time application in schools and to seek ways to increase its efficiency, resting on the findings from the opinions of students studying at Erzurum Yakutiye 1071 Malazgirt Secondary School, where this activity was applied, on reading time application. At the end of the application, which was carried out in the 2017-2018 academic year; a semi-structured interview form, prepared by the researcher and consisting of six questions- apart from personal information- was applied to the students. Eventually, data obtained from one hundred and twenty students is evaluated with content analysis, which is one of qualitative data analysis methods. It is concluded that 93% of the students whose opinions are consulted in the study find reading time application efficient, and 6.5% of them find reading time application inefficient.

Keywords: Turkish education, reading skills, reading habit, reading time,

Evaluation of Audiobook Listening Experiences of 8th Grade Students

Cafer Çarkıt

pp. 146 - 163   |  DOI: 10.29329/epasr.2020.323.8


In this research, audiobook listening experiences of 8th grade students are discussed. In this context, the effect of audiobooks on students' attitudes towards listening is determined and their opinions on audiobooks are evaluated. In the study, action research design, one of the qualitative research methods, was used. The prepared action plan covers an 11-week period in the 2018-2019 school year. The research was conducted in an 8th grade class with 24 students in a secondary in the province of Kayseri, in Talas district. The research data were collected by using the listening attitude scale for secondary school students, student diaries, semi-structured interview forms and interview records. The change in students' attitudes scale, within the framework of the action plan, was identified by using the paired t-test analysis with pre-test and post-test applications.  The qualitative data collected on audiobook listening experience in students were analyzed by using content analysis. According to research results, audiobooks have a positive effect on students' attitudes towards listening. While the most important advantages of audiobooks are the fact that they can be listened to at any place, they enrich imagination and encourage students to use the Internet in a more beneficial way, their most common disadvantages are the fact that they do not improve reading speed, that they do not serve for exams and that they cause attention deficit. In the study, it was concluded that event-themed books were the favorite audiobook type in students.

Keywords: audiobook; advantage; disadvantage; student; listening; attitude

The effect of teaching with slackline exercises on balance skills learning of university students

Olcay Mülazımoğlu

pp. 164 - 175   |  DOI: 10.29329/epasr.2020.323.9


This study aims to analyze the impact of slackline exercises on the balance skills of university student on their learning. Twenty university student kickboxers voluntarily attended the study (8 women and 12 men). They were randomly divided into two groups (each group four females and six males) as the experimental group (EG) and the control group (CG), each consisting of 10 subjects. CG only followed regular training, while EG applied supervised slackline exercises for two days a week and 10 min sessions in addition to regular training for 4-week. Some tests were done before and after slackline exercises in the evaluation of all participants: counter movement jump, standing long jump, leg strength test, back strength test, static balance test “Stork Stand Balance” (SST) and dynamic balance test. According to the post-test results, the SST values which are the static balance test of EG were significantly higher than the CG. As a result, if slackline exercises, which are organized in addition to the regular training sessions specific to the branch, are applied in more extended periods, it can contribute to the balance skill learning and the balance necessary for performing technical movement.

Keywords: balance teaching, physical education, athlete student, slackline.

Logical Thinking Levels of Teacher Candidates

Dilek Başerer

pp. 176 - 190   |  DOI: 10.29329/epasr.2020.323.10


Logical thinking is a thinking that reveals the right thinking by having the ability to use various concepts with their meanings, to make inferences by making suggestions and to make reasoning by focusing on problem solving. A study is planned to show where this type of thinking is among other types of thinking and what level it is in individuals. In the research, it was aimed to determine the level of logical thinking in students. For this purpose, the working group has been determined. In order to determine the level of logical thinking in the study, the Logical Thinking Scale (MDI) developed by the researcher was applied to 525 students in total at Atatürk University Kazım Karabekir Education Faculty. The relationship between the personal information form and the total scores obtained from the scale was examined. In this application, gender, department (to see the difference between numerical and verbal-weighted sections) and book reading frequency (to see if reasoning skills improve with reading frequency) are discussed. As a result of the study, it was found that students who read books every day have higher logical thinking levels.  Students who study in Education Sciences and Turkish and Social Sciences Education have higher logical thinking levels than students studying in other departments.

Keywords: Thinking; logical thinking; teacher candidates; logic; education; student

Investigation of the Responses of Children to Animated Film that They View

Mustafa Türkmen

pp. 191 - 213   |  DOI: 10.29329/epasr.2020.323.11


Children spend an important part of their time watching animated films on different platforms (cinema, television, internet). Box office figures indicate that this is true at the global level. However, it is not known how children react momentarily to the animated films they watch, and how these reactions fit the content of the film viewed. The purpose of this study is to determine the accuracy level of children’ responses to the content of the animated films that they view based on age, gender and different variables. The research was carried out with a mixed-method using both qualitative and quantitative methods. The study group consisted of 210 children between the ages of 3-9. An average of 30 children was included in each age group. In this way, it was aimed to examine the behaviour of the children in each age group while watching animated films, the way the content of the scenes affects the children during viewing, and the change that children undergo as age progresses. First, a film suitable for the research was selected and the film content was analysed on a scene and minute basis. The standard emotions to be given at every minute and scene were determined. Then Toy Story 3 film was shown to the children in the research group. During the viewing session, each child was recorded with a camera and the camera footage and film minutes were matched then. The children's reactions observed on the camera footage caught while they are watching the film were compared to the content of the animated film. In the meantime, the parents of the children in the research group were given a demographic evaluation form developed by the researcher. As a result of the research, age was found to be a determining factor in the accuracy of children's responses during movie viewing sessions. On the other hand, no significant difference was found between the groups based on gender.  Other results are also included in the study.

Keywords: Child development, Animation, Media for Children

Turkish Language in the Perspective of Syrian Refugee Students: A Metaphor Study


pp. 214 - 233   |  DOI: 10.29329/epasr.2020.323.12


One of the biggest obstacles to learning a language as a foreign language is the perception developed against that language. The obligation to learn the foreign language to be learned determines how the perception towards language is. In this context, Syrian refugees, who took refuge in Turkey leaving their country due to war and especially wish to continue their education in Turkey, had to learn Turkish. In this sense, knowing the perceptions of the relevant audience towards Turkish will directly affect many issues from developing a language education program to preparing books, from teacher training to redesigning methods and techniques to be used in lessons. In this connection, Turkish perceptions of Syrian refugees were tried to be determined through metaphors with this study. The study group of the study consists of 235 Syrian students who learn Turkish at Aydın TÖMER, Istanbul Aydın University. While collecting the data of the study using phenomenology approach, one of the qualitative research methods, students were asked to complete the sentence “Turkish is like ..............., because ...............”. Based on the findings obtained in the research, it was determined that 46% of Syrian students learning Turkish consider Turkish as a need, 25% have a positive feeling towards Turkish, 8% find it confusing, 7% find it easy, 6% find it difficult and 5% find a similarity between another language and Turkish. When the themes are examined in terms of their effect on the Turkish learning process, it is possible to say that the themes of need, positive feeling, finding it easy and similarity between languages have a supportive effect on students' motivation to learn Turkish, whereas the themes of finding it difficult and finding it confusing have an inhibitory effect on the learning process. When an evaluation is made in this respect, it is possible to say that nearly 90% of the students have a supportive perception of their own learning processes.

Keywords: Turkish as a foreign language, Syrian refugee students, perception, metaphor

Characteristics of Children’s Oral Texts in terms of Coherence and Cohesion

Mustafa Çetin & Nihat Bayat

pp. 234 - 252   |  DOI: 10.29329/epasr.2020.323.13


The purpose of this study was to examine the characteristics of coherence and cohesion in the oral texts of children between the ages of 60 to 72 months. In the study, a survey method in a quantitative research approach was adopted, and a total of 110 preschoolers were included as participants. The data of the study were obtained from the oral texts taken from the conversations during the interviews with the children. Oral texts consisting of at least eight sentences were analyzed by using the Text Evaluation Form and a rubric. The coherence- and cohesion-related qualities of the spoken texts were evaluated by two experts. The quantitative data were analyzed through descriptive and inferential statistics. Descriptive statistics were calculated as frequencies and percentages to present the levels of the oral texts in terms of cohesion and coherence. In addition, independent sample t-test and one-way analysis of variance were computed as inferential statistics to determine whether scores for cohesion and coherence differed significantly based on the child’s gender, socioeconomic status, and the duration of the early childhood education. First, the results of the analyses revealed that the oral texts were acceptable and sufficient with respect to the means of cohesion, whereas they were inadequate and unacceptable in terms of coherence. Second, it was found that the cohesion device that children were the most successful was the ellipsis. Third, the results also indicated that the levels of cohesion of the oral texts displayed a significant difference regarding gender and SES, while they did not differ depending on the duration of preschool education. Moreover, the levels of coherence showed no significant difference in terms of gender, SES, and the duration of early childhood education. In conclusion, in the study, it was determined that the oral texts of the children were more appropriate to the standard language in terms of cohesion compared to coherence.

Keywords: Coherence, cohesion, oral text, speaking, early childhood education.

Perceptions of Parents Having Children in Preschool Level Regarding Their Children’s Screen Use

İdris Kaya

pp. 253 - 269   |  DOI: 10.29329/epasr.2020.323.14


The perception of parents on children’s screen use is expected to affect their children’s screen usage and understanding the perception of parents about this subject can help in the preparation of roadmaps to show how children should use screen. The aim of this study is examine to the perception of the parents about positive and negative effects of screen use on their children, and to compare children’s actual screen use and the ideal screen use proposed by parents. The data conducting an interview one of the method of qualitative research. Participants comprised of 25 parents while 20 of them were mother, 5 of them were father, age range is between 26 to 43, have high-education and with child in preschool level. Although parents reported both positive and negative perceptions about screen usage the views that screen use adversely affects children are more distinct. While parents see knowledge / skills acquisition as the most positive side of the screen; the most downside is that they see the child's social isolation. In addition, there are remarkable differences between the use of screen that parents see as ideal for their children and the current screen usage of children.

Keywords: Preschool, Parents’ perceptions, Screen use

Scheduled Leadership Behaviors Scale for School Administrators: Validity and Reliability Study

Seda Şayan Kösem & Mustafa Aydın Başar

pp. 270 - 284   |  DOI: 10.29329/epasr.2020.323.15


Scheduled leadership can be defined as empowering individuals with the exception of the team's top manager with ‘freedom of acting and decision making.’ A wide range of measurement tools have been developed with the aim of measuring planned private leadership. In Turkey, the studies have begun to adapt it to our language and have continued to develop an appropriate scale for the Turkish management structure and operation. The planned leadership scales that have been developed in the field of education are not adequate and the relevant scale development studies are required. The main objective of this study is to re-approach the behavior of school administrators of planned leadership and to develop a scale within this framework. In Canakkale, a sample group, 360 individuals who were identified using a cluster sampling method were studied. SPPS 23.0 and AMOS 24.0 statistical packaged software were used for data analysis. Explanatory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis were calculated for the suitability of the data set for factor analysis, sample efficiency and validation studies; Cronbach Alpha internal consistency was calculated for the reliability studies. With the actions being carried out, the scale of 30 items is such that the 'School Manager's planned leadership behaviors' are presented.  In conclusion, the scale developed has a four-factor structure, “Development and Cooperation”, “Culture”, “Vision and Responsibility” and “Chances and Opportunities” and is characterized by a high degree of validity and reliability.

Keywords: Scheduled leadership, developing a scale, school manager, validity, reliability

Global Literacy Skills in Picture Story Book Reading Activities Implemented to 48-66 Month-Old Children

Mazhar Bal & Gülüzar Şule Tepetaş Cengiz

pp. 285 - 314   |  DOI: 10.29329/epasr.2020.323.16


This study aimed to identify how preschool teachers included the concepts of global literacy in picture story book reading activities they frequently perform in the flow of daily education programs. For this purpose, the relationship between global literacy and the achievements included in the Preschool Education Program (2013), picture story book reading processes and the listening and speaking processes in the preschool period was investigated. The research was designed as a case study, one of the qualitative research methods. One preschool teacher selected with the criterion sampling technique participated in the study. Semi-structured interview form, semi-structured observation form and documents were used as data collection techniques. Research data were analyzed by descriptive analysis and content analysis techniques. Based on the findings, it was concluded that very few of the picture story books selected by the teacher presented global literacy skills. In addition, the participating teacher was found to be inadequate in implementing picture story books activities during pre-reading and post-reading process and in associating global literacy skills with the language development process. Therefore, it is recommended that teachers are provided with professional training to increase their competence in relation to program and content adaptation, teaching process and global literacy skills.

Keywords: Preschool education, picture story books, global literacy, speaking, listening

The Opinions of Prospective Teachers on Using Folk Songs in Social Studies Teaching

Meral Metin Goksu

pp. 315 - 329   |  DOI: 10.29329/epasr.2020.323.17


The social studies course is one of the most appropriate courses for individuals to acquire social and cultural experiences and to have knowledge and experience in these subjects. The social studies course contains a lot of knowledge, skills, and values to enable the individual to know himself and gain a social identity. It is seen how a society expresses its feelings and emotions at different times, on sad or happy days through folk songs, which have an essential place among the literary products used in the course. This study, which aimed to determine the opinions of the prospective social studies teachers regarding the use of folk songs in social studies courses, was carried out with 16 prospective social studies teachers. In this study, a semi-structured interview form was used to collect data. Explanatory and inferential codes that emerged during the analysis were used to explain the qualitative data and relationships. In line with the data obtained, prospective teachers stated that they found the use of folk song-supported teaching activities in social studies teaching useful in ensuring permanence, drawing students' attention, and being fun. They also expressed that it has benefits such as giving an idea about our national culture, presenting values to students, increasing intelligibility, ensuring that traditions and customs are conveyed from generation to generation, and providing students with different perspectives.

Keywords: Social studies, literary work, folk song, teacher

Examination of the Professional Belief Level of the Physical Education Teacher Candidates and Factors Affecting Their Belief Level: A Mixed-Method Research

Murat Aslan

pp. 330 - 349   |  DOI: 10.29329/epasr.2020.323.18


This study aimed to determine the professional belief levels of the physical education teacher candidates and the factors affecting their belief levels. Exploratory sequential design, one of the mixed research methods, was used to examine the candidates of the physical education teachers. The quantitative sample of the study consisted of 278 (n=126 female, n=152 male) candidates teachers attending the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th-grade level at the Faculty of Sport Sciences. The qualitative research sample of the study consisted of 12 physical education teacher candidates who participated in two different focus group interviews. In the quantitative part of the study, while the independent sample t-test was used in the analysis of the gender variable, One-way ANOVA test was used to determine the difference between the grade levels. In the qualitative part of the study, content analysis was used. While there was no significant difference in the “sense of calling” and the “value of physical education” according to gender, there was a statistical difference according to the grade level of the candidate teachers. In the qualitative part of the study, as a result of the focus group interviews, two themes and twelve categories were determined as the reasons that affect the belief levels of the candidate teachers of physical education positively and the reasons that affect them negatively. It was derived from the study that candidate teachers state that their motivation, attitude, and beliefs towards the teaching profession after starting their departments gradually decreased and started to evolve negatively after starting the department. Teacher candidates state the reasons of their negative opinion as “disappointment caused by the department”, “insufficient salary”, “counting on the spot (make no progress)”, “negative physical education teacher perception in the society”, “working conditions”, “ınsufficient field education” and “difficulty in appointment to the job”.

Keywords: Physical Education Teachers, Teaching, Profession Belief, Candidate Teachers.

Transformational teaching in higher education: The relationship between the transformational teaching of academic staff and students’ self-efficacy for learning

Berna Yüner

pp. 350 - 366   |  DOI: 10.29329/epasr.2020.323.19


This study examined the the relationship between the transformational leadership behaviors of the faculty members and the students’ self-efficacy beliefs in learning based on the opinions of higher education students. The research was carried out with 915 students studying at Yozgat Bozok University and analyzed by quantitative methods. The Transformational Teaching Scale (TTS) developed by Tahir (2018) has been adapted to Turkish in order to determine the transformational teaching levels of the instructors. Self-efficacy for Learning Scale (SELS) developed by Klobas, Renzi and Nigrelli (2007) has been adapted to Turkish in order to determine the higher education students’ self-efficacy in learning. In the analysis of the data, descriptive statistics and the structural equation model were used. As a result of the research, sub-dimensions of transformational teaching, considerate intellectual stimulation and charisma, were found to have positive relationships with dimensions of self-efficacy for learning, finding and   info processing. It has been determined that the transformational teaching is a significant predictor of learning self-efficacy of students.

Keywords: Transformational leadership, transformative teaching, self-efficacy for learning

The Effect of Teacher Evaluation and Self-Evaluation on Pre-service Teachers' Inquiry-Based 5E Lesson Plan Design and Teaching Practice

Seda Çavuş-Güngören, Funda Yeşildağ-Hasançebi & Günkut Mesci

pp. 367 - 388   |  DOI: 10.29329/epasr.2020.323.20


The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of teacher evaluation and self-evaluation on the experience of designing and applying lesson plans according to the 5E inquiry model and pre-service teachers views regarding the 5E inquiry lesson planning and teaching practice. It was designed as the embedded mixed method. Total of 60 pre-service science teachers participated in this study. The data collected by the 5E Lesson Plan rubric for inquiry-based teaching which developed by Goldston et al., (2013), self-evaluation form, and interviews. In the analysis of quantitative data, Wilcoxon Signed Ranks test and Spearman’s Rank Correlation, which are among the nonparametric tests, were used. Content analysis was performed in the analysis of qualitative data. Results showed that the average score of pre-service teachers’ lesson plans is higher in the second plans. It has been determined that self-evaluation contributes to better planning of the process. The pre-service teachers stated that the 5E inquiry model was particularly strong / effective and their lesson plans’ phases of explain and explore were weak. In line with the results obtained in the research, suggestions were made to evaluate and develop the lesson planning and teaching practice according to the 5E inquiry model.

Keywords: 5E lesson plan evaluation, inquiry-based lesson plan, teacher evaluation, self-evaluation