International Association of Educators   |  ISSN: 1949-4270   |  e-ISSN: 1949-4289

Original article | Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research 2020, Vol. 15(4) 350-366

Transformational teaching in higher education: The relationship between the transformational teaching of academic staff and students’ self-efficacy for learning

Berna Yüner

pp. 350 - 366   |  DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/epasr.2020.323.19   |  Manu. Number: MANU-2008-28-0002.R1

Published online: December 28, 2020  |   Number of Views: 79  |  Number of Download: 221


Abstract

This study examined the the relationship between the transformational leadership behaviors of the faculty members and the students’ self-efficacy beliefs in learning based on the opinions of higher education students. The research was carried out with 915 students studying at Yozgat Bozok University and analyzed by quantitative methods. The Transformational Teaching Scale (TTS) developed by Tahir (2018) has been adapted to Turkish in order to determine the transformational teaching levels of the instructors. Self-efficacy for Learning Scale (SELS) developed by Klobas, Renzi and Nigrelli (2007) has been adapted to Turkish in order to determine the higher education students’ self-efficacy in learning. In the analysis of the data, descriptive statistics and the structural equation model were used. As a result of the research, sub-dimensions of transformational teaching, considerate intellectual stimulation and charisma, were found to have positive relationships with dimensions of self-efficacy for learning, finding and   info processing. It has been determined that the transformational teaching is a significant predictor of learning self-efficacy of students.

Keywords: Transformational leadership, transformative teaching, self-efficacy for learning


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Yuner, B. (2020). Transformational teaching in higher education: The relationship between the transformational teaching of academic staff and students’ self-efficacy for learning . Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research, 15(4), 350-366. doi: 10.29329/epasr.2020.323.19

Harvard
Yuner, B. (2020). Transformational teaching in higher education: The relationship between the transformational teaching of academic staff and students’ self-efficacy for learning . Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research, 15(4), pp. 350-366.

Chicago 16th edition
Yuner, Berna (2020). "Transformational teaching in higher education: The relationship between the transformational teaching of academic staff and students’ self-efficacy for learning ". Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research 15 (4):350-366. doi:10.29329/epasr.2020.323.19.

References
  1. Aslım, S., & Kocabatmaz, H. (2019). The relationship between teacher candidates' self-efficacy levels and lifelong learning tendencies. Uluslararası Eğitim Programları ve Öğretim Çalışmaları Dergisi, 9, 179-202. 10.31704/ijocis.2019.008. [Google Scholar]
  2. Bandura, A. (1977). Social Learning Theory. Albert Bandura (Ed), New Jersey: Prentice Hall [Google Scholar]
  3. Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall [Google Scholar]
  4. Bandura, A. (1997). Self Efficacy: The exercise of control. New York: Freeman. [Google Scholar]
  5. Banjeri, P., & Krishnan, V. R. (2000). Ethical preferences of transformational leaders: An empirical investigation. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 21(8), 405-413.  [Google Scholar]
  6. Barnard, C. I. (1938). The functions of the executive. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University.  [Google Scholar]
  7. Barnett, K., McCormick, J., & Conners, R. (2001). Transformational leadership in schools—panacea, placebo, or problem? Journal of Educational Administration, 39(1), 24-46. Retrieved March 1, 2010, from ProQuest Education Journals. [Google Scholar]
  8. Bass, B. M. (1985). Leadership and performance beyond expectations. New York, NY: Free Press. [Google Scholar]
  9. Bass, B. M. (1999). Two decades of research and development in transformational leadership. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 8(1), 9–32. .   [Google Scholar]
  10. Bass, B. M., & Riggio, R. E. (2006). Transformational leadership (2nd ed.). Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers. [Google Scholar]
  11. Bass, B. M., & Steidlmeier, P. (1999). Ethics, character, and authentic transformational leadership behavior. Leadership Quarterly, 10(2), 181-217. Retrieved March 30, 2010, from ABI/Inform. [Google Scholar]
  12. Beauchamp, M. R., & Morton, K. L. (2011). Transformational teaching and physical activity engagement among adolescents. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, 39(3), 133-139. [Google Scholar]
  13. Beauchamp, M. R., & Morton, K. L. (2011). Transformational teaching and physical activity engagement among adolescents. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, 39, 133–139.  [Google Scholar]
  14. Beauchamp, M. R., Barling, J., & Morton, K. L. (2011). Transformational teaching and adolescent self-determined motivation, self-efficacy, and intentions to engage in leisure time physical activity: A randomised controlled pilot trial. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being, 3, 127–150. [Google Scholar]
  15. Bolkan, S., & Goodboy, A. K. (2009). Transformation leadership in the classroom: Fostering student learning, student participation, and teacher credibility. Journal of Instructional Psychology, 36(4), 296-303. [Google Scholar]
  16. Boyd, B. L. (2009). Using a case study to develop the transformational teaching theory. Journal of Leadership Education, 7(3), 50-59. [Google Scholar]
  17. Boyd, B. L. (2009). Using a case study to develop the transformational teaching theory. Journal of Leadership Education, 7, 50–59.  [Google Scholar]
  18. Brown, L. M., & Posner, B. Z. (2001). Exploring the relationship between learning and leadership. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 22(6), 274-280. Retrieved March 30, 2010, from ABI/Inform. Bryman, 1992).  [Google Scholar]
  19. Burns, J. M. (1978). Leadership. New York, NY: Harper & Row. [Google Scholar]
  20. Cavaco, A., Chettiar, V. ve & Bate, I. (2003). Achievement motivation and self-efficacy perception amongst portuguese pharmacy students. Pharmacy Education, 3(2), 109–116. [Google Scholar]
  21. Cheng, Y. C. (1994). Teacher leadership style: A classroom-level study. Journal of Educational Administration, 32(3), 54–71. [Google Scholar]
  22. Çelik, S., & Eryılmaz, F. (2006). Öğretmen algılarına göre endüstri meslek lisesi müdürlerinin dönüşümcü liderlik düzeyleri, Ankara ili örneği. Politeknik Dergisi , 9(4) , 211-224 . [Google Scholar]
  23. Dede, N.P. (2019). Dönüşümcü liderlik ve örgütsel bağlılık ilişkisinde lidere güvenin aracı rolü üzerine bir araştırma. Busıness & Management Studıes: An Internatıonal Journal 7(4), 1923-1943. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.15295/bmij.v7i4.1250 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  24. Dirks, K. T., & Ferrin, D. L. (2002). Trust in leadership: Meta-analytic findings and implications for research and practice. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87(4), 611–628. [Google Scholar]
  25. Eccles J.S. & Wigfield, A. (2002). Motivational bliefs, values and goals, Annual Review of Psychology, 53, 109-132. [Google Scholar]
  26. Eker, N. (2019). Examination of the relationship between transformational leadership behaviours of English instructors and motivation of students. Unpublised master’s dissertation. İstanbul Okan Üniversitesi, İstanbul. [Google Scholar]
  27. Erkuş, A. (2017). Davranış bilimleri için bilimsel araştırma süreci. Ankara: Seçkin Yayıncılık  [Google Scholar]
  28. García-Morales, V., Llorens Montes, F., & Verdu, A. (2008). The effects of transformational leadership on organizational performance through knowledge and ınnovation. British Journal of Management, 19, 299-319. 10.1111/j.1467-8551.2007.00547.x.  [Google Scholar]
  29. Griffith, J. (2004). Relation of principal transformational leadership to school staff job satisfaction, staff turnover, and school performance. Journal of Educational Administration, 42(3), 333-356. Retrieved March 30, 2010, from ProQuest Education Journals.  [Google Scholar]
  30. Güç, F. (2019). Self-efficacy beliefs of Turkish efl learners and the relationship between self-efficacy and academic achievement. Unpublished master’s dissertation. Pamukkale Üniversitesi, Denizli.  [Google Scholar]
  31. Hackman, M. Z., & Johnson, C. E. (2004). Leadership: A communication perspective (4th ed.). Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press. [Google Scholar]
  32. Harrison, J. (2011). Instructor transformational leadership and student outcomes. Emerging Leadership Journeys, 4(1), 82–136. [Google Scholar]
  33. Harvey, S., Royal, M., & Stout, D. (2003). Instructor’s transformational leadership: University student attitudes and ratings. Psychological Reports, 92(2). http://doi.org/10.2466/PR0.92.2.395-402 [Google Scholar]
  34. Hoehl, S. (2008). The relationship between transformational leadership and student educational outcomes as moderated by verbal and nonverbal immediacy. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation) Regent University, Virginia Beach, VA. Retrieved March 22, 2010, from Dissertations & Theses @ Regent University. (Publication No. AAT 3309288). [Google Scholar]
  35. Holladay, C. L., & Quinones, M. A. (2003). Practice variability and transfer of training: The role of self-efficacy generality. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88(6), 1094-1103. [Google Scholar]
  36. Hooper, D. & Coughlan, J. & Mullen, M. (2007). Structural eEquation mModeling: Guidelines for dDetermining mModel fFit. The Electronic Journal of Business Research Methods, 6.  [Google Scholar]
  37. House, R. J., & Podsakoff, P. M. (1994). Leadership effectiveness: Past perspectives and future directions for research. In J. Greenberg (Ed.), Organizational behavior: The state of the science (pp. 45-82). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.  [Google Scholar]
  38. Ingram, P. (1997). Leadership behaviors of principals in inclusive educational settings. Journal of Educational Administration, 35(5), 411-427. Retrieved March 1, 2010, from ProQuest Education Journals. [Google Scholar]
  39. Karasar, N. (1999). Bilimsel Araştırma araştırma yYöntemi. Ankara: Nobel Yayın Dağıtım [Google Scholar]
  40. Kent, T. W., Crotts, J. C., & Azziz, A. (2001). Four factors of transformational leadership behavior. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 22(5), 221-229. Retrieved March 1, 2010, from ABI/Inform. [Google Scholar]
  41. Kinicki, J. A., & Schriesheim, C. A. (1978). Teachers as leaders: A moderator variable approach. Journal of Educational Psychology, 70(6), 928-935. [Google Scholar]
  42. Kline, R. B. (2005). Principles and Practice of Structural Equation Modeling (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford Press. [Google Scholar]
  43. Klobas, J., Renzi, S., & Nigrelli, M. (2007). A scale for the measurement of self-efficacy for learning (SEL) at university. "Carlo F. Dondena" Centre for Research on Social Dynamics (DONDENA), University Commerciale Luigi Bocconi, Working Papers. [Google Scholar]
  44. Kuchinke, K. (1999). Workforce education faculty as leaders: do graduate-level university instructors exhibit transformational leadership behaviors? Journal of Vocational Education Research, 24(4), 209-25. Retrieved April 5, 2010, from Education Full Text database.  [Google Scholar]
  45. Kuchinke, K. P. (1999). Leadership and culture: Work-related values and leadership styles among one company's U. S. and German telecommunication employees. Human Resource Development Quarterly, 10(2), 135–154. https://doi.org/10.1002/hrdq.3920100205 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  46. Leithwood, K., & Jantzi, D. (2000). The effects of transformational leadership on organizational conditions and student engagement with school. Journal of Educational Administration, 38. 112-129. 10.1108/09578230010320064. [Google Scholar]
  47. Linnenbrink, E. A., and Pintrich, P. R. (2002). Motivation as an enabler for academic success. School Psychology Review, 31, 313–327. [Google Scholar]
  48. Linnenbrink, E. A., and Pintrich, P. R. (2002). Motivation as an enabler for academic success. School Psychology Review, 31, 313–327. [Google Scholar]
  49. M. C. Niemczyk, & W. C. Savenye, (2001). The relationship of student motivation and self regulated learning strategies to performance in an undergraduate computer literacy course. Annual proceedings of selected research and development papers presented at the national convention of the association for educational communications and technology. Atlanta, Georgia, November 8–12, 2001 [Google Scholar]
  50. Mesterova, J., Prochazka, J., Vaculik, M., & Smutny, P. (2015). Relationship between Self-Efficacy, Transformational Leadership and Leader Effectiveness. Journal of Advanced Management Science, 3. 109-122. 10.12720/joams.3.2.109-122. [Google Scholar]
  51. Morton, K. L., Keith, S. E., & Beauchamp, M. R. (2010). Transformational teaching and physical activity: A new paradigm for adolescent health promotion? Journal of Health Psychology, 15, 248–257.  [Google Scholar]
  52. Mulford, B., & Silins, H. (2003). Leadership for organisational learning and improved student outcomes. Cambridge Journal of Education, 33(2), 175-195. [Google Scholar]
  53. Pajares, F. (1996). Self efficacy beliefs in academic settings. Review of Educational Research, 66, 543-578 [Google Scholar]
  54. Peters, J. M.  (2014). Transformatıonal teachershıp: how prıncıples of transformatıonal leadershıp foster student outcomes. Unpublised doctoral dissertation, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado [Google Scholar]
  55. Pillai, R., Schriesheim, C. A. ve Williams, E. S. (1999). Fairness perceptions and trust as mediators for transformational and transactional leadership: A two-sample study. Journal of Management, 25(6), 897-933. [Google Scholar]
  56. Pintrich, P. R. (1995). Understanding self-regulated learning. New Directions for Teaching and Learning, 63, 3-12.  [Google Scholar]
  57. Politis, J. D. (2001). The relationship of various leadership styles to knowledge management. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 22(8), 354-364..  [Google Scholar]
  58. Polleys, M. S. (2002). A study of relationships between self-regulated learning, personality and achievement. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the mid-south educational research association, 6-8 November 2002, Chattanooa. [Google Scholar]
  59. Pounder, J. S. (2004). The classroom leadership styles of Hong Kong university teachers: A case study of teachers in a business school (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Leicester, UK. [Google Scholar]
  60. Pounder, J. S. (2008). Transformational classroom leadership: A novel approach to evaluating classroom performance. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 33(3), 233-243. [Google Scholar]
  61. Raven, B. H., & French, J. (1958). Legitimate power coercive power, and observability in social influence. Sociometry, 21, 83-97. Retrieved from Academic Search Complete database. [Google Scholar]
  62. Salvich, G. M., & Zimbardo, P. G. (2012). Transformational teaching: Theoretical underpinnings, basic principles, and core methods. Educational Psychology Review, 24, 569-608. [Google Scholar]
  63. Slavich, G. M. (2009). On 50 years of giving psychology away: An interview with Philip Zimbardo. Teaching of Psychology, ;36, 278–284. [Google Scholar]
  64. Slavich, G. M. (2006). On becoming a teacher of psychology. In J. G. Irons, B. C. Beins, C. Burke, B. Buskist, V. Hevern, & J. E. Williams (Eds.), The teaching of psychology in autobiography: Perspectives from exemplary psychology teachers (pp. 92-99). Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association. [Google Scholar]
  65. Sökmen, Y. (2019). The role of self-efficacy in the relationship between the learning environment and student engagement. Educational Studies, 1-19. [Google Scholar]
  66. Tahir, K. (2018). Transformational Teaching: Pakistani Students’ Perspectives in the English Classroom. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 30(1), 61-69.  [Google Scholar]
  67. Walumbwa, F. O., Wu, C., & Ojode, L. A. (2004). Gender and instructional outcomes: The mediating role of leadership style. The Journal of Management Development, 23, 124-140. Retrieved March 1, 2010, from ProQuest Education Journals.  [Google Scholar]
  68. Warlizasusi, J., Supriyati, Y., & Karnati, N. (2018). The Effect of Transformational Leadership, Self Efficacy and Self Learning toward Lecturers Job Performance at STAIN Curup Rejang Lebong Regency of Bengkulu Province. International Journal of Scientific Research and Management, 6(07), EL-2018. https://doi.org/10.18535/ijsrm/v6i7.el01 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  69. Weaver, R. R., & Qi, J. (2005). Classroom organization and participation: College students' perceptions. The Journal of Higher Education, 76, 570-601. doi:10.1353/jhe.2005.0038  [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  70. Yammarino, F. J., & Bass, B. M. (1988). Long-term forecasting of transformational leadership and its effects among naval officers: Some preliminary findings. Center for Leadership Studies. Retrieved from http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a204110.pdf  [Google Scholar]
  71. Yang, Y. (2014). Principals' transformational leadership in school improvement. The International Journal of Educational Management, 28(3). [Google Scholar]
  72. Yuen, P. Y., & Cheng, Y. C. (2000). Leadership for teachers’ action learning. International Journal of Educational Management, 14(5), 198-209. Retrieved March 1, 2010, from ProQuest Education Journals. [Google Scholar]
  73. Yukl, G. (1989). Managerial leadership: A review of theory and research. Journal of Management, 15(2), 251-289. [Google Scholar]
  74. Yukl, G. (2006). Leadership in Organizations (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc. [Google Scholar]
  75. Zimmerman, B. J. (1995). Self-efficacy and educational development. In A. Bandura (Ed.), Self-efficacy in Changing Societies (pp. 202-231). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. [Google Scholar]