International Association of Educators   |  ISSN: 1949-4270   |  e-ISSN: 1949-4289

Original article | Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research 2023, Vol. 18(1) 273-291

The Relationship Between Students' 21st-Century Skills and Academic Performance in Science and Mathematics

Mehmet Akif Bircan & Emrah Akman

pp. 273 - 291   |  DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/epasr.2023.525.13   |  Manu. Number: MANU-2209-14-0007.R2

Published online: March 08, 2023  |   Number of Views: 139  |  Number of Download: 421


Abstract

This study aimed to reveal a relationship between high school students' 21st-century skills and academic performance in mathematics and science courses. The research was designed in a relational survey model. In the study group, there were 596 students. Descriptive statistics, the one-way analysis of variance, the Pearson correlation test, and simple partial regression analyzed the research data. As a result of the research, it was concluded that the 21st-century skills of high school students are above the intermediate level. It is also revealed that there is no significant difference between the dimensions other than critical thinking and problem-solving of 21st-century skills scores according to the type of high school. According to high school type, a difference was found in the dimension of critical thinking and problem-solving. It has been concluded that there is a significant relationship between the 21st-century skills scores of high school students and their academic performances in science and mathematics courses. Information and technology literacy, critical thinking and problem-solving, entrepreneurship and innovation skills, and 21st-century skills overall scores could be used to predict academic performances in science and mathematics courses. The other variables like social responsibility and career awareness cannot predict academic performances in science and mathematics courses concerning this study.

Keywords: High School Students, 21st-Century Skills, Math, Science, Academic Performance


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Bircan, M.A. & Akman, E. (2023). The Relationship Between Students' 21st-Century Skills and Academic Performance in Science and Mathematics . Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research, 18(1), 273-291. doi: 10.29329/epasr.2023.525.13

Harvard
Bircan, M. and Akman, E. (2023). The Relationship Between Students' 21st-Century Skills and Academic Performance in Science and Mathematics . Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research, 18(1), pp. 273-291.

Chicago 16th edition
Bircan, Mehmet Akif and Emrah Akman (2023). "The Relationship Between Students' 21st-Century Skills and Academic Performance in Science and Mathematics ". Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research 18 (1):273-291. doi:10.29329/epasr.2023.525.13.

References
  1. Abdullah, M., & Osman, K. (2010). 21st century inventive thinking skills among primary students in Malaysia and Brunei. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 9, 1646-1651. DOI: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.12.380 [Google Scholar]
  2. Akbıyık, C., & Seferoğlu, S. S. (2006). Critical thinking dispositions and academic performance. Çukurova University Journal of Faculty of Education, 3(32), 90-99. [Google Scholar]
  3. Aydın, S., & Duman, B. (2020). Üniversite hazırlık sınıfı öğrencilerinin 21. yüzyıl becerilerinin çeşitli değişkenler açısından incelenmesi [Investigation of 21st-Century Skills of Prep Class Students in Universities in Terms of Various Variables]. International Eurasian Educational Research Congress, 2020, November. [Google Scholar]
  4. Bal, M. (2018). Investigation on the 21st-Century skills of Turkish language course. Turkish Studies, 13(4), 49-64. DOI: 10.7827/TurkishStudies.12922 [Google Scholar]
  5. Balım, A. G., Evrekli, E., İnel, D., & Deniş, H. (2009). A research on the situation of Turkey in PISA 2006: Assessing the level of science competency to the use of information and communication technology. e-Journal of New World Sciences Academy, 4(3), 1053-1066. [Google Scholar]
  6. Batur, Z., Ulutaş, M., & Beyret, T. (2019). 2018 LGS Türkçe sorularinin pisa okuma becerileri hedefleri açisindan incelenmesi [Examination of 2018 LGS Turkish questions in terms of pisa reading skills objectives]. Milli Eğitim Dergisi, Temel Eğitim [Journal of National Education, Basic Education], 595-615. https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/milliegitim/issue/51765/674356 [Google Scholar]
  7. Belet-Boyacı, Ş., & Güner-Özer, M. (2019). The future of learning: Turkish language course curricula from the perspective of 21st-century skills. Anadolu Journal of Educational Sciences International, 9(2), 708-738. DOI: 10.18039/ajesi.578170 [Google Scholar]
  8. Business-Higher Education Forum (2005). A commitment to America's future: Responding to the crisis in mathematics & science education. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED503712.pdf [Google Scholar]
  9. Büyüköztürk, Ş., Kılıç Çakmak, E., Akgün, Ö. E., Karadeniz, Ş., & Demirel, F. (2014). Bilimsel Araştırma Yöntemleri [Scientific Research Methods] (17th Edition). Ankara: Pegem Academy Publishing. [Google Scholar]
  10. Cansoy, R. (2018). 21st-Century Skills According to International Frameworks and Building them within the Education System. Journal of the Human and Social Science Researches, 7(4), 3112-3134. DOI: 10.15869/itobiad.494286 [Google Scholar]
  11. Çepni, S., & Ormancı, Ü. (2017). Geleceğin dünyası [The world of the future]. In S. Çepni (Ed.), Kuramdan uygulamaya STEM eğitimi [STEM education from theory to practice] (1-37). Ankara: Pegem Academy Publishing. [Google Scholar]
  12. Çetin, M., & Çetin, G. (2021). A critical outlook on MoNE early childhood education curriculum in terms of 21st-century skills. Journal of Education for Life, 35(1), 235-255. DOI: 10.33308/26674874.2021351258 [Google Scholar]
  13. Çevik, M., & Şentürk, C. (2019). Multidimensional 21st-century skills scale: Validity and reliability study. Cypriot Journal of Educational Sciences, 14(1), 11-028. DOI: 10.18844/cjes.v14i1.3506 [Google Scholar]
  14. Diker Akman, E. (2020). Examination of eight grade students’ TIMSS science results in terms of 21st century skills and some variables [Unpublished master’s thesis]. Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey. [Google Scholar]
  15. Engin, A. O., & Korucuk, M. (2021). Investigation of students' 21st century skills in terms of various variables. Gazi University Journal of Gazi Education Faculty, 41(2), 1081-1119. DOI: 10.17152/gefad.875581 [Google Scholar]
  16. Erdoğan, Ö. (2019). Investigation of the effects of robotic Lego applications on 21 st century skills of science teacher candidates [Unpublished master’s thesis]. Amasya University, Amasya, Turkey. [Google Scholar]
  17. Erten, P. (2020). Preservice teachers’ perceptions of 21st century skills competence and their views on gaining these skills. Milli Eğitim Dergisi [Journal of National Education], 49(227), 33-64. https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/milliegitim/issue/56322/778233 [Google Scholar]
  18. George, D., & Mallery, P. (2010). SPSS for Windows step by step: a simple guide and reference, 17.0 update. 10th ed. Boston: Allyn & Bacon. [Google Scholar]
  19. Göktepe-Yıldız, S. (2020). An investigation of 21st-century skills of high school students in terms of some demographic variables. Ulakbilge - Journal of Social Sciences, 8(51), 884–897. DOI: 10.7816/ulakbilge-08-51-02 [Google Scholar]
  20. Gülen, Ş. B. (2013). 21st-century learner skills and level of support from information and communication technologies: An investigation of middle school students based on grade level and gender [Unpublished master’s thesis]. Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey. [Google Scholar]
  21. Hamarat, E. (2019). 21. yüzyıl becerileri odağında Türkiye’nin eğitim politikaları [Turkey's education policies focused on 21st century skills]. Seta Analiz, 2019 (2729).  [Google Scholar]
  22. Hilliker, S. M., & Loranc, B. (2022). Development of 21st century skills through virtual exchange. Teaching and Teacher Education, 112, 103646. DOI: 10.1016/j.tate.2022.103646 [Google Scholar]
  23. Jacob, S. M. (2012). Mathematical achievement and critical thinking skills in asynchronous discussion forums. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 31, 800–804. DOI: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.12.144 [Google Scholar]
  24. Karakaş, M. M. (2015). Investigation of the eight- grade secondary school students ' levels of 21st century skills in science education [Unpublished master’s thesis]. Eskişehir Osmangazi University, Eskişehir, Turkey. [Google Scholar]
  25. Karasar, N. (2012). Bilimsel Araştırma Yöntemi [Scientific Research Method]. Bilim Kitap Kırtasiye Publishing. [Google Scholar]
  26. Kumlu, G., & Doğan, N. (2018). PISA problem çözme becerilerinin PISA’daki matematik, okuma ve fen başarısına etkisinin incelenmesi [Examination of the effect of PISA problem-solving skills on mathematics, reading and science achievement in PISA]. 6th International Congress on Measurement and Evaluation in Education and Psychology 2019, January, Prizren/Montenegro. [Google Scholar]
  27. Kurudayıoğlu, M., & Soysal, T. (2019). An evaluation of 2018 Turkish course curriculum in terms of 21st-century skills. Ahi Evran Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi [Journal of Ahi Evran University Social Sciences Institute], 5(2), 483-496. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/aeusbed/issue/50899/621132 [Google Scholar]
  28. Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı [MoNE] (2018). Matematik dersi (1-8. sınıflar) öğretim programı [Mathematics (1-8th grades) curriculum]. Ankara: Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı [Ministry of National Education].  [Google Scholar]
  29. Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı [MoNE] (2018). Fen bilimleri dersi (1-8. sınıflar) öğretim programı [Science course (1-8th grades) curriculum]. Ankara: Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı [Ministry of National Education].  [Google Scholar]
  30. Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı [MoNE] (2019). PISA 2018 Türkiye ön değerlendirme raporu [PISA 2018 Turkey preliminary evaluation report]. http://pisa.meb.gov.tr/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/PISA_2018_Turkiye_On_Raporu.pdf [Google Scholar]
  31. Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı [MoNE] (2021). 2021 Liselere geçiş sistemi (LGS) merkezi sınavla yerleşen öğrencilerin performansı [Performance of students placed in high school entrance system (LGS) central examination]. Eğitim Analiz ve Değerlendirme Raporları Serisi [Training Analysis and Evaluation Reports Series], No: 17, July 2021. [Google Scholar]
  32. Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı [MoNE] (2021). 2021 Liselere geçiş sistemi (LGS) kapsamındaki ilk yerleştirme sonuçları [First placement results within the scope of transition to high schools in 2021]. Eğitim Analiz ve Değerlendirme Raporları Serisi [Training Analysis and Evaluation Reports Series], No: 18, July 2021.  [Google Scholar]
  33. Nacaroğlu, O. (2020). Examination of 21st century skills of gifted and average students. Ankara University Journal of Faculty of Educational Sciences, 53(2), 693-722. DOI: 10.30964/auebfd.615067 [Google Scholar]
  34. National Academy of Science (2006). Learning to Think Spatially. Washington DC: TheNational Academics Press. [Google Scholar]
  35. Official Gazette [of the Republic of Turkey] (2015). Türkiye yeterlilikler çerçevesinin uygulanmasına ilişkin usul ve esaslar hakkında yönetmelik [Regulation on the procedures and principles regarding the implementation of the turkish qualifications framework], 28537, 457-466. https://resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2015/11/20151119.pdf [Google Scholar]
  36. Scardamalia, M., Bransford, J., Kozma, B., & Quellmalz, E. (2012) New Assessments and Environments for Knowledge Building. In: Griffin, P., McGaw, B., & Care, E. (eds) Assessment and Teaching of 21st Century Skills. Springer, Dordrecht. DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-2324-5_5 [Google Scholar]
  37. Öğretir-Özçelik, A. D. (2018). İnovasyon, yaratıcılık ve yenilenme [Innovation, creativity and renewal]. In Öğretir-Özçelik, A. D., & Tuğluk, N. M. (Ed.), Eğitimde ve endüstride 21. yüzyıl becerileri [21st-century skills in education and industry] (1-25). Ankara: Pegem Academy Publishing. [Google Scholar]
  38. Özcan, Z. Ç. (2017). Critical thinking skills and mathematics performance of middle school students. Medeniyet Eğitim Araştırmaları Dergisi [Journal of Civilization Educational Research], 1(1), 43–52. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/mead/issue/30039/322222 [Google Scholar]
  39. Özsoy, G. (2005). The relationship between problem-solving skills and mathematical achievement. Gazi Journal of Educational Science, 25(3), 179-190. [Google Scholar]
  40. Öztürk, E., Önder, A. N., & Güven-Yıldırım, E. (2019). Investigation of prospective science teachers' entrepreneurship characteristics and critical thinking dispositions in terms of some variables. Journal of Individual Differences in Education, 1(2), 89–107. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/jide/issue/51149/652650 [Google Scholar]
  41. Siddiq, F., Hatlevik, O. E., Olsen, R. V., Throndsen, I., & Scherer, R. (2016). Taking a future perspective by learning from the past: A systematic review of assessment instruments that aim to measure primary and secondary school students’ ICT literacy. Educational Research Review, 19, 58–84. DOI: 10.1016/j.edurev.2016.05.002 [Google Scholar]
  42. Soh, T. M. T., Arsad, N., & Osman. K. (2010). The relationship between 21st century skills on students’ attitude and persception towards physic. Social and Behavourial Sciences 7(2010), 546-554. DOI: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.10.073 [Google Scholar]
  43. Sukor, N. S., Osman, K., & Abdullah, M. (2010). Students’ achievement of Malaysian 21st century skills in chemistry. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 9, 1256–1260. DOI: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.12.316 [Google Scholar]
  44. Topçu, S., & Çiftçi, A. (2018). 21.yüzyıl becerileri ve STEM [21st-century skills and STEM]. In Öğretir-Özçelik, A. D., & Tuğluk, N. M. (Ed.), Eğitimde ve endüstride 21. yüzyıl becerileri [21st-century skills in education and industry] (103-123). Ankara: Pegem Academy Publishing. [Google Scholar]
  45. Woods‐Groves, S., Choi, T., & Balint‐Langel, K. (2021). Examining teachers’ judgment of students’ 21 st century skills and academic and behavioral outcomes. Psychology in the Schools, 2021, 1–23. DOI: 10.1002/pits.22585 [Google Scholar]
  46. Zeybek, G. (2019). Determination of level of 21st century learner skills use of high school students. International Journal of Social Sciences and Education Research, 5(2), 142-156. DOI: 10.24289/ijsser.505263 [Google Scholar]