International Association of Educators   |  ISSN: 1949-4270   |  e-ISSN: 1949-4289

Original article | Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research 2020, Vol. 15(3) 394-425

The Effect of Cooperative Learning Methods and Individual Learning Method on Pre-Service Science Teachers’ Sub-Micro Level Conceptual Understanding at Equilibrium Chemistry

Seda Okumuş, Zehra Özdilek & Aysel Arslan

pp. 394 - 425   |  DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/epasr.2020.270.19   |  Manu. Number: MANU-2005-03-0004.R1

Published online: September 24, 2020  |   Number of Views: 42  |  Number of Download: 218


Abstract

The purpose of the study is to investigate the effect of cooperative and individual learning methods on the conceptual understanding at sub-micro level of pre-service science teachers (PST) in equilibrium chemistry. The study was conducted on 52 PSTs. A pre-test/posttest non-equivalent quasi-experimental design was used in this study. Data collection instruments used as pre- and posttest as a Module Test (MT) consisted of seven open-ended questions developed by the researchers. Although, participants were identified with a convenience sampling method, each groups were randomly assigned. For this reason, three study groups were selected and each implementation was randomly assigned. Groups was determined as Cooperative Student Teams-Achievement Divisions (STAD, E1) and Reading-Writing-Application (RWA, E2) methods, and Individual Learning (IL, E3) method. The statistical analyses of the quantitative data were performed using Kruskal Wallis test and Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test. The data gathered with the MT were evaluated using content analysis. According to findings, there was not a significance difference among groups related to conceptual understandings at equilibrium chemistry. However, some misconceptions related to topic were decreased. Consequently, when three learning methods are used that it is more likely to misconceptions of the PSTs will be treated, while at the same time micro level understanding will improve.

Keywords: Cooperative Learning, STAD, RWA, Individual Learning, Equilibrium Chemistry, Conceptual Understanding


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Okumus, S., Ozdilek, Z. & Arslan, A. (2020). The Effect of Cooperative Learning Methods and Individual Learning Method on Pre-Service Science Teachers’ Sub-Micro Level Conceptual Understanding at Equilibrium Chemistry . Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research, 15(3), 394-425. doi: 10.29329/epasr.2020.270.19

Harvard
Okumus, S., Ozdilek, Z. and Arslan, A. (2020). The Effect of Cooperative Learning Methods and Individual Learning Method on Pre-Service Science Teachers’ Sub-Micro Level Conceptual Understanding at Equilibrium Chemistry . Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research, 15(3), pp. 394-425.

Chicago 16th edition
Okumus, Seda, Zehra Ozdilek and Aysel Arslan (2020). "The Effect of Cooperative Learning Methods and Individual Learning Method on Pre-Service Science Teachers’ Sub-Micro Level Conceptual Understanding at Equilibrium Chemistry ". Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research 15 (3):394-425. doi:10.29329/epasr.2020.270.19.

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