International Association of Educators   |  ISSN: 1949-4270   |  e-ISSN: 1949-4289

Original article | Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research 2019, Vol. 14(2) 88-104

Exploring the relationship between teachers' locus of control with different variables

Bilgen Kıral

pp. 88 - 104   |  DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/epasr.2019.201.5   |  Manu. Number: MANU-1812-02-0002.R1

Published online: June 27, 2019  |   Number of Views: 287  |  Number of Download: 616


Abstract

The research was conducted with 335 Anatolian high school teachers working in Aydın province during 2015-2016 academic year to investigate the relationship between teachers’ locus of control and different variables. "Multidimensional Locus of Control Scale" was used in the research which is one of the quantitative research methods.  The research findings showed that teachers mostly exhibited internal locus of control and this was followed by external and chance locus of control. There was no significant difference in the locus of control according to teachers’ gender, marital status, length of service at that school and love the profession. The teachers’ locus of control showed significant difference according to age, seniority, teaching specialty and socio-economic status of the school. Based on these findings, the research signified the important of aware raising activities to increase teachers’ internal locus of control and delivering practice-based training to teachers through the support of academics working in his field.

Keywords: Teacher, Anatolian high school, internal, external, chance, locus of control


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Kiral, B. (2019). Exploring the relationship between teachers' locus of control with different variables . Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research, 14(2), 88-104. doi: 10.29329/epasr.2019.201.5

Harvard
Kiral, B. (2019). Exploring the relationship between teachers' locus of control with different variables . Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research, 14(2), pp. 88-104.

Chicago 16th edition
Kiral, Bilgen (2019). "Exploring the relationship between teachers' locus of control with different variables ". Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research 14 (2):88-104. doi:10.29329/epasr.2019.201.5.

References
  1. Ahluwalia, A. K. & Preet, K. (2017). Work motivation, organizational commitment and locus of control work experience amongst university teachers. SAMVAD: SIBM Pune Research Journal, XIV, 26-33. [Google Scholar]
  2. Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50, 179-211. [Google Scholar]
  3. Ajzen, I. (2002). Perceived behavioral control, self-efficacy, locus of control, and the theory of planned behavior. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 32(4), 665-683. [Google Scholar]
  4. Akkaya, R. (2015). Relationship between locus of control and job satisfaction of teachers. Master Thesis. Adnan Menderes University, Aydin.  [Google Scholar]
  5. Balaban-Dagal, A. & Bayindir, D. (2016). The investigation of the level of self-directed learning readiness according to the locus of control and personality traits of preschool teacher candidates. International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, 8(3), 391-402. [Google Scholar]
  6. Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: Toward a unified theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review, 84, 191-215. [Google Scholar]
  7. Bein, J., Anderson, D. E. & Maes, W. R. (1990). Teacher locus of control and job satisfaction. Educational Research Quarterly, 14(3), 7-10. [Google Scholar]
  8. Borg, W. R. & Gall, M. D. (1989). Educational research. New York: Longman.  [Google Scholar]
  9. Bulus, M. (1996). The Relationship between locus of control and loneliness level in adolescents. Master Thesis. Dokuz Eylul University, İzmir. [Google Scholar]
  10. Buyukozturk, S., Cakmak, E. K., Akgun, O. A., Karadeniz, S. & Demirel, F. (2008). Scientific research methods. Ankara: PegemAkademi. [Google Scholar]
  11. Callaghan, C. & Papageorgiou, E. (2015). Gender differences in locus of control and student performance in the South African context of accounting studies. Meditari Accountancy Research, 23(3), 348-368.  [Google Scholar]
  12. Canbay, S. (2007). The relationship between the locus of control and job satisfaction of the elementary school teachers. Dokuz Eylul University, İzmir. [Google Scholar]
  13. Cheng, Y. C. (1994). Locus of control as an indicator of Hong Kong teachers' job attitudes and perceptions of organizational characteristics. The Journal of Educational Research,87(3), 180-188. [Google Scholar]
  14. Cakir, M. (2017). Investigating prospective teachers' perceived problem-solving abilities in relation to gender, major, place lived, and locus of control. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 5(6), 1030-1038. [Google Scholar]
  15. Cayli, B. (2013). The relationship between locus of control, job satisfaction and mediating effect of organizational justice. Master Thesis. Balıkesir University, Balıkesir. [Google Scholar]
  16. Cokluk, O., Sekercioglu, G. & Buyukozturk, S. (2012). SPSS and LISREL applications of multivariate statistics for social sciences. Ankara: PegemAkademi. [Google Scholar]
  17. Creswell, J. W. (2003). Research design. California: SAGE. [Google Scholar]
  18. Czubaj, C. A. (2000). Maintaining teacher motivation. Education, 116(3), 372-378. [Google Scholar]
  19. Dweck, C. S., & Leggett, E. L. (1988). A social-cognitive approach to motivation and personality. Psychological Review, 95, 256-273. [Google Scholar]
  20. Edwards, D. J. A. (2005). Personality. Louw, D. A. & Edwards, D. J. A. (eds.). Psychology: an introduction for students in Southern Africa (541–604). Sandton: Heinemann. [Google Scholar]
  21. Findley, M.J., & Cooper, H.M. (1983). Locus of control and academic achievement: a literature review. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44(2), 419-27. [Google Scholar]
  22. Fagbohungbe, O. B. & Jayeoba, F. I. (2012). Locus of control, gender and entrepreneurial ability. British Journal of Arts And Social Sciences, 11(1), 74-85. [Google Scholar]
  23. Fraenkel, J. R. & Wallen, N. E. (2006). How to design and evaluate research in education. New York: The McGraw-Hill Comp. [Google Scholar]
  24. Friedman, G. H., Barry E. Lehrer & Stevens, J. P. (1983). The effectiveness of self-directed and lecture/discussion stress management approaches and the locus of control of teachers. American Educational Research Journal, 20(4), 563-580. [Google Scholar]
  25. Friedman, M. L. W., & Dies, R. R. (1974). Reactions of internal and external test-anxious students to counseling and behavior therapies. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 42, 921. [Google Scholar]
  26. Gravetter, F. J. & Wallnau, L. B. (2004). Statistics for the behavioral sciences. Belmont: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning. [Google Scholar]
  27. Heckhausen, H. (1977). Achievement motivation and its constructs: A cognitive model. Motivation and Emotion, 1, 283-329. [Google Scholar]
  28. Hong, Y., Chiu, C., Dweck, C. S., Lin, D. M. S. & Wan, W. (1999). Implicit theories, attributions, and coping: A meaning system approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77, 588-599. [Google Scholar]
  29. Jamal, Y., Yaseen, F., Zahra, F. & Sayyeda, T. (2014). Life satisfaction and locus of control  among teachers. Indian Journal of Health and Wellbeing, 5(9), 1115-118. [Google Scholar]
  30. Jones, G. R., & George, J. M. (2003). Contemporary management. New York: McGraw-Hill. [Google Scholar]
  31. Judge, T. A. & Bono, J. E. (2001a). A rose by any other name: Are Self-Esteem, Generalized Self-Efficacy, Neuroticism, and Locus of Control Indicators of a Common Construct? B. W. Roberts and R. Hogan (Edts). Personality Psychology in the Workplace. (pp. 93-118). Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/10434-004 [Google Scholar]
  32. Judge, T. A. & Bono, J. E. (2001b). Relationship of Core Self-Evaluations Traits—Self-Esteem, Generalized Self-Efficacy, Locus of Control, and Emotional Stability—With Job Satisfaction and Job Performance: A Meta-Analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86(1), 80-92. [Google Scholar]
  33. Karasar, N. (2012). Scientific research methods. Ankara: Nobel. [Google Scholar]
  34. Kiral, E. (2012). The relationship between locus of control and perfectionism perception of the primary school administrators. Doctoral dissertation. Ankara University, Ankara.  [Google Scholar]
  35. Kyriacou, C. & Sutcliffe, J. (1979). A note on teacher stress and locus of control. The British Psychological Society. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/j.2044-8325.1979.tb00456.x. Retrived date: 13.04.2019 [Google Scholar]
  36. Norton, G. (2005). Stress and coping. Louw, D. A. & Edwards, D. J. A., (eds). Psychology: An introduction for students in Southern Africa(605–663). Sandton: Heinemann,  [Google Scholar]
  37. Lefcourt, H. M. (1982). Locus of control: Current trends in theory and research. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.  [Google Scholar]
  38. Lefcourt, H. M., Lewis, L. & Silverman, I. W. (1968). Internal versus external control of reinforcement attention in decisionmaking tasks. Journal of Personality, 36, 668-682.  [Google Scholar]
  39. Lefcourt, H. M., & Siegel, J. (1970). Reaction time behavior as a function of Internal- external control of reinforcement and control of test administration. Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science, 2, 253-266. [Google Scholar]
  40. Levenson, H. (1973). Perceived parental antecedents of internal powerful others and change locus control orientations. Developmental Psychology, 9, 260-275. [Google Scholar]
  41. Levenson, H. (1974). Activism and powerful others: Distinctions within the concept of Internal–external control. Journal of Personality Assessment, 38, 377–383. [Google Scholar]
  42. Levenson, H. (1975). Additional dimentions at internal –external control. Journal of Social Psychology, 97, 303-304. [Google Scholar]
  43. Levenson, H. (1981). Differentiating among Internality, powerful others and chance. Academic Press., 12, 15-63. [Google Scholar]
  44. Loosemore, M. & Lam A.S.Y. (2004). The locus of control: a determinant of opportunistic behaviour in construction health and safety. Construction Management and Economics, 22, 385-394. [Google Scholar]
  45. Oldham, G. R., & Hackman, J. R. (1981). Relationships between or ganizational structure and employees reactions: Comparing alterna tive frameworks. Administrative Science Quarterly, 26, 66-83. [Google Scholar]
  46. Oguz, A. & Saricam, H. (2016). The Relationship between critical thinking disposition and locus of control in pre-service teachers. Journal of Education and Training Studies, 4(2), 182- 192. [Google Scholar]
  47. Oxford Dictionary. (2018). https://www.oxforddictionaries.com/ Retrived date: 09.10.2018 [Google Scholar]
  48. Rotter, J. B. (1954). Social Learning and Clinical Psychology. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. [Google Scholar]
  49. Parkay, F. W., Greenwood, G., Olejnik, S., & Proller, N. (1988). A study of the relationships among teacher efficacy, locus of control, and stress. Journal of Research & Development in Education, 21(4), 13-22. [Google Scholar]
  50. Rotter, J. B. (1966). Generalized expectancies for Internal versus external control of reinforcement. Psychological Monographs, 80(1), 1-28. [Google Scholar]
  51. Sakarya-Kuçukkaragoz, H. (1998). Elementary schools teachers locus of control and theirs locus of controls effects on their students. Doctoral Dissertation. Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir. [Google Scholar]
  52. Salkind, N. (2015). Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics. (Trans. A. Cuhadaroglu). Ankara: PegemAkademi. [Google Scholar]
  53. Sadowski, C. J., & Woodward, H. R. (1983). Teacher locus of control and classroom climate: A crosslagged correlational study. Psychology in the Schools, 20, 506–509. [Google Scholar]
  54. Schein, E. H. (1985). Organizational culture and leadership. San Fran cisco: Jossey-Bass. [Google Scholar]
  55. Sergiovanni, T. J. (1984). Leadership and excellence in schooling. Educational Leadership, 41(5), 4-13.  [Google Scholar]
  56. Silvester J., Anderson-Gough F. M., Anderson N. R. & Mohammed, A. R. (2002). Locus of control, attributions and impression management in the selection interview. Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 75, 59-76. [Google Scholar]
  57. Skinner, E. A.  (1996). A Guide to Constructs of Control. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 71(3), 549-570. [Google Scholar]
  58. Spector, P. E. (1982). Behavior in Organizations as a Function of Employees Locus of Control. Psychological Bulletin, 91(3), 482- 497. [Google Scholar]
  59. Stocks, A., April, K. A. & Lynton, N. (2012). Locus of conrol and subjective well-being-a crosscultural study. Problems and Perspectives in Management, 10(1), 17-25. [Google Scholar]
  60. Surgen, S. (2014), Correlation between class teacher's focus of control and level of burnout. Master Thesis. Balıkesir University, Balıkesir.  [Google Scholar]
  61. Tabachnick, B. G. & Fidell, L. S. (2013). Using Multivariate Statistics. Boston: Pearson. [Google Scholar]
  62. Tavsancil, E. (2006). Measurement of attitudes and data analysis with SPSS. Ankara: Nobel. [Google Scholar]
  63. Uslu, M. (1999). Comparison of job satisfaction of psychological counselors and guidance experts working in official educational institutions according to locus of control and some variables. Master Thesis. Selcuk University, Konya. [Google Scholar]
  64. Vickers, R. R., Conway, T. L., & Haight, M. A. (1983). Association between Levenson’s dimensions of locus of control and measures of coping and defense mechanisms. Psychological Reports, 52, 323–333. [Google Scholar]
  65. Weiner, H. M. (2003). Effective inclusion: Professional development in the context of the classroom. Teaching Exceptional Children, 35, 12–18. [Google Scholar]
  66. Weiner, B., Nierenberg, R., & Goldstein, M. (1976). Social learning (locus of control) versus attributional (causal stability) interpretations of expectancy of success. Journal of Personality, 44, 52–68. [Google Scholar]
  67. Weiner, B., & Kukla, A. (1970). An attributional analysis of achievement motivation. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 15, 1-20. [Google Scholar]
  68. Yesilyaprak, B. (1988). Factors affecting the Internal or external control of high school students. Doctoral Dissertation. Hacettepe University, Ankara.  [Google Scholar]