International Association of Educators   |  ISSN: 1949-4270   |  e-ISSN: 1949-4289

Original article | Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research 2018, Vol. 13(1) 113-126

Basic Properties of Chorus and Fundamental Approaches to Improve

Bülent Halvaşi

pp. 113 - 126   |  DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/epasr.2018.137.7   |  Manu. Number: MANU-1803-12-0001

Published online: April 16, 2018  |   Number of Views: 109  |  Number of Download: 640


Abstract

Through choral education, individuals learn to use their voices both correctly and effectively, as well as acquire certain personal characteristics. The level of applicability of the chorus training is high and it provides the student’s convenience to participate in the musical atmosphere. In choral studies, children learn how to use the basic elements and functions of music, the formation of sound, the characteristics of their own voice and how to use it correctly and to breathe properly and regularly. Chorus have various functions as social, individual, cultural and educational. In this study, these functions were examined and the effects of choral education on children's mental and behavioral development were investigated, the importance of choosing repertoire was discussed and the importance of organizing various organizations in terms of increasing the quality of choral education is emphasized.

Keywords: Chorus, Voice, Education


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Halvasi, B. (2018). Basic Properties of Chorus and Fundamental Approaches to Improve. Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research, 13(1), 113-126. doi: 10.29329/epasr.2018.137.7

Harvard
Halvasi, B. (2018). Basic Properties of Chorus and Fundamental Approaches to Improve. Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research, 13(1), pp. 113-126.

Chicago 16th edition
Halvasi, Bulent (2018). "Basic Properties of Chorus and Fundamental Approaches to Improve". Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research 13 (1):113-126. doi:10.29329/epasr.2018.137.7.

References
  1. Achinstein, B., & Ogawa, R. T. (2012). New teachers of color and culturally responsive teaching in an era of educational accountability: Caught in a double bind. Journal of Educational Change, 13(1), 1–39. doi:10.1007/s10833-011-9165-y. [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  2. Achinstein, B., Ogawa, R. T., Sexton, D., & Freitas, C. (2010). Retaining teachers of color: A pressing problem and a potential strategy for “hard-to-staff” schools. Review of Educational Research, 80(1), 71–107. Doi:10.3102/0034654309355994. [Google Scholar]
  3. Apaydın, M. (2006). Çocuk ve Gençlik Korolarının, Toplumun Kültürel Gelişimdeki Yeri ve Önemi, II. Natyional Child and Youth Literature Symposium, Ankara University Education Faculty, Ankara: Ankara University Press. [Google Scholar]
  4. Apaydın, M., Türkmen, E. (2013). Çocuk Korolarının Seslendirme Başarılarındaki Değişim ve Dönüşümleri. 4. International Hisarlı Ahmet Symposium, Dumlupınar University, Kütahya. [Google Scholar]
  5. Alpuğan, N. (2010). Koro Müziğinde Dil, Kullanımı ve Önemi. Çukurova Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü. Master thesis. [Google Scholar]
  6. Bailey, B.A., Davidson,J.W. (2002). Adaptive characteristics of group singing: perceptions from members of a choir for homeless men, Musicae Scientiae,VI (2):221-256. [Google Scholar]
  7. Beck, R.J., Cesario, T.C., Yousefi, A., Enamoto, H. (2000). Choral singing, performance perception, and immune system changes in salivary immunoglobulin A and cortisol. Mus Perc. 18(1):87-106. [Google Scholar]
  8. Benedict, C. (2006). Defining ourselves as other: Envisioning transformative possibilities. In C. Frierson-Campbell (Ed.), Teaching music in the urban classroom: A guide to survival, success, and reform (Vol. 1, pp. 3–12). Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. [Google Scholar]
  9. Bennett, G. (2017). The Science of Singing: A Voice Lesson from Anatomy and Physiology. The Research and Scholarship Symposium. 1. [Google Scholar]
  10. Brown, O.L., 2000, Comparative Training of Voice Teachers and Therapists, Journal of Singing, Vol. 56, No.3, s:5 – 11. [Google Scholar]
  11. Cannella, G. S., & Reiff, J. C. (1994). Teacher preparation for diversity. Equity and Excellence in Education, 27(3), 28–33. doi:10.1080/1066568940270305. [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  12. Chanda, M.L., Levitin, D.J. (2013). The neurochemistry of music. Trends Cogn Sci. 17(4):179-193. [Google Scholar]
  13. Clandinin, D. J. (1985). Personal practical knowledge: A study of teachers’ classroom images. Curriculum Inquiry, 15(4), 361–385. Doi:10.2307/1179683. [Google Scholar]
  14. Clandinin, D. J. (1989). Developing rhythm in teaching: The narrative study of a beginning teacher’s personal practical knowledge of classrooms. Curriculum Inquiry, 19(2), 121–141. Doi:10.2307/1179405. [Google Scholar]
  15. Clift, S. (2012). Singing, wellbeing and health. In: MacDonald R, Kreutz G, Mitchell L, eds. Music, Health and Wellbeing. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 113-124. [Google Scholar]
  16. Clift, S., Nicols, J., Raisbeck, M., Whitmore, C., Morrison, I. (2010). Group singing, wellbeing and health: A systematic review, The UNESCO Journal;2:1–25. [Google Scholar]
  17. Clift, S., Hancox, G., Morrison, I., Hess, B., Kreutz, G., Stewart, D. (2010). Choral singing and psychological wellbeing: Quantitative and qualitative findings from English choirs in a cross-national survey, Journal of Applied Arts and Health.1:19–34. [Google Scholar]
  18. Clift, S., Hancox, G. (2010). The Significance of Choral Singing for Sustaining Psychological Wellbeing: Findings from a survey of choristers in England, Australia and Germany, Music Performance Research. 3(1):79-96. [Google Scholar]
  19. Cooksey, J. and Welch, F.G., (1997), Adolecene Singing Development and National Cirrucula Design, British Journal of Music Education, [Google Scholar]
  20. Çevik, S., 1997, Koro Eitimi Ve Yönetim Teknikleri, Doruk Press. Ankara. [Google Scholar]
  21. Delpit, L. D. (2003). Educators as “seed people” growing a new future. Educational Researcher, 32(7), 14–21. doi:10.3102/0013189X032007014. [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  22. Dissanayake, E. (2000). Antecedents of the temporal arts in early mother-infant interaction. In: Wallin N, Merker B, Brown S, eds. The Origins of Music. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press:389-410. [Google Scholar]
  23. Egüz, S. (1991). Toplu Ses Eğitimi I Temel Konular. Ankara: Ayyıldız Press. [Google Scholar]
  24. Elmas, Y., (1988), “Çocuklar ve gençler için yazılacak müzik ihtiyacı ve bestecilerin bu yönde teşviki”, Music Congress, Ministry of Culture and Tourism General Directorate of Fine Arts 14/18 June, Ankara, p.238. [Google Scholar]
  25. Erickson, B. (2008). The crisis in culture and inequality. In S. J. Tepper & B. J. Ivey (Eds.), Engaging art: The next great transformation of America’s cultural life (pp. 343–362). New York, NY: Routledge. [Google Scholar]
  26. Erol, I. (2013). Çocuk Korolarının Çocukların Okul Başarısına Etkisinin incelenmesi.   Afyon Kocatepe University Social Sciences Institute, Master thesis, Ankara. [Google Scholar]
  27. Fiese, R.K., & DeCarbo, N.J. (1995). Urban music education: The teachers’ perspective. Music Educators Journal, 82(1), 32–35. [Google Scholar]
  28. Fitzpatrick, K.R. (2008). A mixed methods portrait of urban instrumental music teaching (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (AAT 3303647). [Google Scholar]
  29. Freeman, W.J. (2000). A neurobiological role of music in social bonding. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. In: Wallin N, Merker B, Brown S, eds. The Origins of Music. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press:411-424. [Google Scholar]
  30. Gale, N., Enright, S., Reagon, C., Lewis, I., van Deursen, R. (2012). A pilot investigation of quality of life and lung function following choral singing in cancer survivors and their carers. Ecancermedicalscience. 6:261. Epub 2012 Jul 11. doi: 10.3332/ecancer.2012.26. [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  31. Gordon, I., Zagoory-Sharon, O., Schneiderman, I., et al. (2008). Oxytocin and cortisol in romantically unattached young adults: Associations with bonding and psychological distress. Psychophysiology 45(3):349- 352. [Google Scholar]
  32. Grape, C., Sandgren, M., Hansson, L.O., Ericson, M., Theorell, T. (2003). Does singing promote well-being? An empirical study of professional and amateur singers during a singing lesson. Integrative Phys Behav Science;38(1):65-74. [Google Scholar]
  33. Grossman, P. (1990). The making of a teacher: Teacher knowledge and teacher education. New York, NY: Teachers College Press. [Google Scholar]
  34. Hazelette, E.N. (2006). Surviving the first year of teaching music in an urban school district: The music administrator’s perspective. In C. Frierson-Campbell (Ed.), Teaching music in the urban classroom (Vol. 2, pp. 13–22). Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. [Google Scholar]
  35. Hoch, M. (2017). So You Want to Sing Sacred Music: A Guide for Performers. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. Centennial Library Catalog, (accessed February 16, 2017).  [Google Scholar]
  36. Ingersoll, R.M. (2004). Why do high-poverty schools have difficulty staffing their classrooms with qualified teachers? Retrieved from Center for American Progress website: http:// www.americanprogressaction.org/wp-content/uploads/kf/Ingersoll-FINAL.pdf. [Google Scholar]
  37. Kindall-Smith, M. (2004). Teachers teaching teachers: Revitalization in an urban setting. Music Educators Journal, 91(2), 41–46. doi:10.2307/3400048. [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  38. Kirschner, S., Tomasello, M. (2010). Joint music making promotes prosocial behaviour in 4-year-old children. Evol Hum Behav. 31(5):354-364. [Google Scholar]
  39. Kreutz, G. (2014). Does Singing Facilitate Social Bonding? Music & Medicine  6(2), 51 – 60. [Google Scholar]
  40. Kreutz, G., Murcia, Q., & Bongard S. (2012). Psychoneuroendocrine research on music and health. An overview. In: MacDonald R, Kreutz G, Mitchell L, eds. Music, Health and Wellbeing. New York: Oxford University Press. 457-476. [Google Scholar]
  41. Köse, H.S. (2001). Müzik Öğretmenliği ABD I. Sınıf Öğrencilerinin Ses Özelliklerine Ait Sorunların Öğrenci Kaynakları Düzleminde İncelenmesi. PhD thesis, Gazi University Institute of Science. Ankara. [Google Scholar]
  42. Köse, H.S. (2004). Koro Başarım Gücünün Arttırılması İçin Bireysel Ses Eğitiminin Gerekliliği. Symposium on the Training of Musical Teacher Training in Music Teacher Education, 7-10 April. Isparta. [Google Scholar]
  43. Lu, Z. (2015). Pedagogical Conditions of Choral Conducting Training of Future Teachers of Musical Art Education to Work in Secondary Schools. [Google Scholar]
  44. McCraty, R., Atkinson, M., Rein, G., Watkins, A.D. (1996). Music enhances the effect of positive emotional states on salivary IgA. Stress Med. 12(3):167-175. [Google Scholar]
  45. Nilsson, U. (2009). Soothing music can increase oxytocin levels during bed rest after open-heart surgery: a randomised control trial. J Clin Nurs; 18:2153–2161. [Google Scholar]
  46. Özata, E. (2010). Ülkemizdeki Çocuk Korolarının Yapılandırılmasının ve Eğitim Süreçlerinin Uygulanma Durumunun Analizi. Master thesis, Abant İzzet Baysal University Social Sciences Institute, Bolu. [Google Scholar]
  47. Parker, L., & Hood, S. (1995). Minority students vs. majority faculty and administrators in teacher education: Perspectives on the clash of cultures. Urban Review, 27(2), 159–174. Doi:10.1007/BF02354361. [Google Scholar]
  48. Reid, C.L. (1950). Bel Canto: Principles and Practices. NY: J. Patelson Music House. Centennial Library Catalog, (accessed March 15, 2017). [Google Scholar]
  49. Saklıca, E. (2010). Bireysel Ses Eğitiminden Toplu Ses-Koro Eğitimine Geçiş Sürecindeki Yaklaşımlar.  Afyon Kocatepe University Social Sciences Institute.  Master thesis. [Google Scholar]
  50. Shawl, J.T. (2015). “Knowing Their World”: Urban Choral Music Educators’ Knowledge of Context, Journal of Research in Music Education 2015, Vol. 63(2) 198–223. [Google Scholar]
  51. Shulman, L.S. (1987). Knowledge and teaching: Foundations of the new reform. Harvard Educational Review, 57(1), 1–22. [Google Scholar]
  52. Sökezoğlu, D., Ördekçi, A. (2015). İlkokul Öğrencilerinin Sosyalleşmelerinde Koro Eğitiminin Rolü. Afyon University Academic Music Research Journal 1(2). [Google Scholar]
  53. Töreyin, M. (2001). Müzik Eğitimi Anabilim Dallarının Ses Eğitimi Alan Derslerinde Karşılaşılan Sorunlar ve Müzik Öğretmenliğine Etkileri, Chorus Education and Management Symposium 01-03 November, GÜGEF, Ankara.      [Google Scholar]
  54. Uçan, A. (2001). İnsan, Müzik Ve Koro Eğitiminin Temelleri, I. National Ankara Symposium, Gazi University Gazi Education Faculty, Ankara. [Google Scholar]
  55. Yiğit, N. (2006). Koroda Ses Eğitimi Çalışmalarının Çocuk Ses Gelişimine Etkileri, Selcuk University Social Sciences Institute Journal, Vol. 16, (777-783). [Google Scholar]