International Association of Educators   |  ISSN: 1949-4270   |  e-ISSN: 1949-4289

Original article | Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research 2021, Vol. 16(1) 113-138

Examining the Opinions of School Principals Regarding Unethical Issues in School Management

İsmail Erol & İsmail Karsantık

pp. 113 - 138   |  DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/epasr.2020.334.7   |  Manu. Number: MANU-2010-19-0009.R1

Published online: March 24, 2021  |   Number of Views: 37  |  Number of Download: 185


Abstract

This study aims to explore the ethical issues faced by principals working in public schools and determining their responses during and after unethical matters. This research was conducted in phenomenology design as qualitative study. Thirty school principals working in Tekirdağ province, Süleymanpaşa district public schools (special education, preschool, primary school, secondary school, and high school) participated in the study. Data were collected using a semi-structured interview form. The findings were analyzed by applying the content analysis method and presented by creating themes and codes with quotations. The findings show that school principals are not involved in financial processes. Their relationships with parents are more discreet and they are sensitive in their relations with staff. There is no deliberate discrimination among teachers, they are neutral in tenders and canteens, they embrace the interests of students in opening courses, and they are far from financial expectations in student enrolments. For minimizing the ethical difficulties in schools and establishing a regular school ethical chain, it has emerged that the moral principles in schools should be defined beforehand. Administrators should be trained ethically before their assignment. Simultaneously, the obligation of solving financial difficulties, which are the source of ethical problems in schools, has emerged.

Keywords: School Management and Ethics, Ethical Problems, School Principals, Ethical Values, Phenomenology


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Erol, I. & Karsantik, I. (2021). Examining the Opinions of School Principals Regarding Unethical Issues in School Management . Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research, 16(1), 113-138. doi: 10.29329/epasr.2020.334.7

Harvard
Erol, I. and Karsantik, I. (2021). Examining the Opinions of School Principals Regarding Unethical Issues in School Management . Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research, 16(1), pp. 113-138.

Chicago 16th edition
Erol, Ismail and Ismail Karsantik (2021). "Examining the Opinions of School Principals Regarding Unethical Issues in School Management ". Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research 16 (1):113-138. doi:10.29329/epasr.2020.334.7.

References
  1. Akar, H. (2018). A meta-analysis study on organizational outcomes of ethical leadership. Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research, 13(4), 6-25. https://doi.org/10.29329/epasr.2018.178.1  [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  2. American Association of School Administrators. (1996). Statements of ethics of the American Association of School Administration. https://aasa.org/content.aspx?id=1390  [Google Scholar]
  3. Argon, T. (2016). Öğretmen görüşlerine göre ilkokullarda yöneticilerin kayırmacılık davranışları [Favouritism behaviors of primary school managers from teachers’ point of view]. Kastamonu Education Journal, 24(1), 233-250. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/210028  [Google Scholar]
  4. Aslanargun, E., & Bozkurt, S. (2012). Okul müdürlerinin okul yönetiminde karşılaştığı sorunlar [Problems that principals face in school administration]. Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences, 11(2), 349-368. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/223336  [Google Scholar]
  5. Aydın, Y. (2016). Örgütsel sessizliğin okul yönetiminde kayırmacılık ve öğretmenlerin öz yeterlik algısı ile ilişkisi [The relationship of organizational silence with favoritism in school management and self-efficacy perception of teachers]. Kuram ve Uygulamada Eğitim Yönetimi Dergisi, 22(2), 165-192. https://doi.org/10.14527/kuey.2016.007  [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  6. Bakioğlu, A. (1996, September). Öğretmenlerin kariyer evreleri (Türkiye’de resmi lise öğretmenleri üzerinde yapılan bir araştırma) [Teacher stages of her career (A survey of public high school teacher in Turkey)]. [Paper presentation]. The 2nd National Education Symposium, İstanbul. [Google Scholar]
  7. Bayrakçı, M., & Dizbay, S. (2013). Ortaöğretim kurumlarında okul aile birliklerinin okul yönetimine katılım düzeyleri [The level of parents’ associations’ participation to school administration in high schools]. Sakarya University Journal of Education, 3(1), 98-112. https://www.acarindex.com/dosyalar/makale/acarindex-1423911385.pdf  [Google Scholar]
  8. Berkowitz, P. (1999). Virtue and the making of modern liberalism. Princeton University Press. [Google Scholar]
  9. Bogdan, R. C., & Biklen, S. K. (1992). Qualitative research for education: An introduction to theory and methods. Allyn and Bacon. [Google Scholar]
  10. Börü, N., & Boyacı, A. (2016). Etik lider olarak okul yöneticilerinin özelliklerine ve davranışlarına ilişkin ortaöğretim öğretmenlerinin görüşleri (Eskişehir ili örneği) [Behaviors and characteristics of principals as an ethical leader based on high school teacher opinions (The case of Eskişehir)]. Electronic Turkish Studies, 11(19), 161-214. http://dx.doi.org/10.7827/TurkishStudies.9984  [Google Scholar]
  11. Brimm, J. L. (1983). What stresses school administrators. Theory into Practice, 22(1), 64-69. https://doi.org/10.1080/00405848309543039  [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  12. Bursalıoğlu, Z. (1997). Eğitim yönetiminde teori ve uygulama [Theory and practice in educational management]. Pegem Akademi. [Google Scholar]
  13. Büyüköztürk, Ş., Kılıç Ç. E., Akgün, Ö.E., Karadeniz, Ş., & Demirel, F. (2008). Bilimsel araştırma yöntemleri [Scientific research methods]. Pegem Publishing.  [Google Scholar]
  14. Canlı, S. (2019). Okul yöneticilerinin ve öğretmenlerin destekleme ve yetiştirme kurslarına yönelik görüşleri [Opinions of school administrators and teachers on the support and training courses]. Cumhuriyet International Journal of Education, 8(2), 479-501. http://dx.doi.org/10.30703/cije.496769  [Google Scholar]
  15. Çepni, S. (2007). Araştırma ve proje çalışmalarına giriş [Introduction to research and project studies] (Extended 3rd version). Celepler Publishing.  [Google Scholar]
  16. Cevizci, A. (2008). Etiğe giriş [Introduction to ethics]. Paradigma Yayıncılık. [Google Scholar]
  17. Erdem, A. R. (2015). Eğitim yönetim etiği ve eğitim yönetiminde etik liderliğin kritiği [Ethics of educational management & the critics of ethics leadership in education management]. Akademik Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi, 3(10), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.16992/ASOS.533  [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  18. Eryaman, M. Y. (2007). From reflective practice to practical wisdom: Toward a post-foundational teacher education. International Journal of Progressive Education, 3(1), 87-107. [Google Scholar]
  19. Fraenkel, J. R., Wallen, N. E., & Hyun, H. H. (2012). How to design and evaluate research in education (8th Ed.). McGraw-Hill. [Google Scholar]
  20. Gülay, S., & Kahveci, G. (2020). Öğretmenlerin kayırmacılık algıları ile örgütsel güven düzeyleri arasındaki ilişkinin incelenmesi [Examining the relationship between teachers’ perceptions of favoritism and organizational trust levels]. Mediterranean Journal of Educational Research, 14(33), 494-522. https://doi.org/10.29329/mjer.2020.272.23  [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  21. Güngör, S. K., & Potuk, A. (2018). Öğretmenlerin mobbing, örgütsel adalet ve örgütsel sessizlik algıları ve aralarındaki ilişki [Teachers’ perceptions of mobbing, organizational justice, and organizational silence and interrelatedness]. Hacettepe University Journal of Education, 33(3), 723-742. https://doi.org/10.16986/HUJE.2018036553  [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  22. Hoşgörür, V., & Arslan, İ. (2014). Okul örgütünün finansal kaynaklarının yönetimi sorunu (Yatağan ilçesi örneği) [The problem of managing financial resources in school organizations (the sample of Yatağan district)]. Trakya Journal of Education, 4(1), 91-102. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/200330  [Google Scholar]
  23. Karakütük, K., & Özbal, E. Ö. (2017). Bütçe yönetimi yeterliklerine ilişkin genel lise müdürlerinin görüşleri [General high school administrators’ views about budget management competencies]. Journal of Human Sciences, 14(4), 4097-4111. https://doi.org/10.14687/jhs.v14i4.5010  [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  24. Kırel, Ç. (2000). Örgütlerde etik davranışlar, yönetimi ve bir uygulama çalışması [Ethical behaviors and management in organizations and an empirical study]. Anadolu Üniversitesi Yayınları. [Google Scholar]
  25. Kırlıoğlu, H., & Akyel, N. (2003). Mesleki etik ve ülkemizde muhasebe denetimi [Professional ethics and accounting audit]. MUFAD Muhasebe ve Finansman Dergisi, 17, 59-67. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/107366  [Google Scholar]
  26. Menteşe, S., Üstün, A., & Gökdelen, A. (2012). İlköğretim okulu yöneticilerinin okulun parasal kaynaklarını yönetme yeterlikleri (Ordu il örneği) [The competence of primary school principals in managing the financial resources of the school (The case of Ordu)]. Hitit University Journal of Social Sciences Institute, 5(2), 41-65. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/86051  [Google Scholar]
  27. Meriç, E., & Erdem, M. (2013). İlköğretim okullarında görev yapan öğretmenlerin algılarına göre okul yönetiminde kayırmacılık [According to the perceptions of primary school teachers favoritism on school management]. Educational Administration-Theory and Practice, 19(3), 467-498. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/108150  [Google Scholar]
  28. Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: An expanded sourcebook (2nd Ed.). Sage Publication. [Google Scholar]
  29. Miller, D. E. (2000). “John Stuart Mill's civic liberalism”. History of Political Thought, 21(1), 88-113. https://www.jstor.org/stable/26219729  [Google Scholar]
  30. Özcan, K. (2014). Çevresel baskı gruplarının okul yönetimine etkileri (Adıyaman ili örneği) [The effects of environmental pressure groups on school management (Sample of Adıyaman city)]. E-Journal of Educational Research, 5(1), 88-113. https://doi.org/10.19160/e-ijer.25836  [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  31. Özdemir, M. (2008). Kamu yönetiminde etik [Ethics in public administration]. ZKÜ Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 4(7), 179-195. https://dergipark.org.tr/en/download/article-file/1145044  [Google Scholar]
  32. Özdemir, S.  (2012) (Ed). Türk eğitim sistemi ve okul yönetimi [Turkish education system and school management]. Pegem .  [Google Scholar]
  33. Özdemir, Y. (2018). Okul-aile işbirliğinin geliştirilmesine yönelik yönetici görüşleri [School administrators’ views on developing school parent association] (Doctoral dissertation). İstanbul Kültür Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, İstanbul.  [Google Scholar]
  34. Özgan, H., & Aydın, Z. (2010). Okul-aile işbirliğine ilişkin yönetici, öğretmen ve veli görüşleri [The opinions of administrators, teachers and parents about school family cooperation]. e-Journal of New World Sciences Academy, 5(3), 1169-1189. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/185809  [Google Scholar]
  35. Özkeskin, E. (2013). Okul liderliğinde etik liderlik yaklaşımı [Ethical leadership approach in school leadership]. Çankırı Karatekin University Journal of Faculty of Letters, 1(1), 25-46. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/180171  [Google Scholar]
  36. Pieper, A. (1999). Etiğe giriş [Introduction to ethics]. (V. Atay, & G. Sezer, Trans.). Ayrıntı Publishing. [Google Scholar]
  37. Saban, M., & Atalay, B. (2005). Yönetim muhasebecileri açısından etik ve etik davranışın önemi [The importance of ethical and ethical behavior for administrator accountants]. Muhasebe ve Denetime Bakış Dergisi, 5(16), 49-60. [Google Scholar]
  38. Sergiovanni, T. (2001). Leadership: What’s in it for schools?. Routledge Falmer. [Google Scholar]
  39. Tannenbaum, D., & Schultz, D. (2007). Siyasi düşünce tarihi: Filozoflar ve fikirleri [Inventors of ideas: Introduction to western political philosophy] (F. Demirci, Trans.). Adres Publishing. [Google Scholar]
  40. Tepe, H. (2000). ‘Basın etiği’ ya da basında etik sorunlar. In H. Tepe (Ed.), Etik ve meslek etikleri. (pp.121-136). Türkiye Felsefe Kurumu Publishing. [Google Scholar]
  41. Turan, H. Y. (2007). Çankaya İlçesi’nde görev yapan ilköğretim okul müdürlerinin yönetim işlevlerinde karşılaştıkları sorunlar ve sorun çözme uygulamaları [Elementary school principals’ problems faced during the administrative function and their problem-solving practices] (Doctoral dissertation). Ankara Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Ankara. [Google Scholar]
  42. Turan, S., Yıldırım, N., & Aydoğdu, E. (2012). Okul müdürlerinin kendi görevlerine ilişkin bakış açıları [Perspectives of school principals on their own task]. Pegem Journal of Education and Instruction, 2(3), 63-76. [Google Scholar]
  43. Yıldırım, A., & Şimşek, H. (2008). Sosyal bilimlerde nitel araştırma yöntemleri [Qualitative research methods in the social sciences]. Seçkin Publishing. [Google Scholar]
  44. Yıldırım, R. (2020). Okullara yapılan bağışlar. (Non-thesis master project). http://acikerisim.pau.edu.tr/xmlui/bitstream/handle/11499/35116/Ramazan%20YILDIRIM%20Proje.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y  [Google Scholar]