International Association of Educators   |  ISSN: 1949-4270   |  e-ISSN: 1949-4289

Original article | Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research 2020, Vol. 15(3) 159-185

Writing a Folktale as an Activity of Written Expression: Digital Folktales with StoryJumper

Emel Güvey Aktay

pp. 159 - 185   |  DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/epasr.2020.270.8   |  Manu. Number: MANU-2005-23-0002.R1

Published online: September 24, 2020  |   Number of Views: 78  |  Number of Download: 250


Abstract

Advances in technology lead to widespread use of the internet and computers. Communication that takes place in virtual environments brings the use of written expression to the fore. One of the technological tools utilized in written expression is digital storytelling. The purpose of the current study is to investigate digital folktale writing activities as a means of written expression on the basis of the opinions of pre-service teachers. The participants of the study employing the case study design, one of the qualitative research designs, are 92 pre-service elementary school teachers. The pre-service teachers divided into groups prepared 22 different digital folktales by using the StoryJumper website. The data of the study were collected through semi-structured interviews and documents. In the analysis of the interview data, the descriptive analysis technique was used. The folktales prepared were analyzed by means of document analysis on the basis of the pre-determined criteria. As a result of the analyses, the data collected from the interviews were gathered under 6 themes. The pre-service teachers stated positive opinions about the digital storytelling website they had used. In addition, it was concluded that digital storytelling activity improved the pre-service teachers’ written expression skills, contributed to their personal and professional development and that it was activity suitable for group work.  In addition, it was revealed that the lowest scores were taken from the dimension of adding audio while they received better scores from the dimensions of originality of the topic and pictures used. And they received full points from the dimensions of the characters in the folktale and ending. 

Keywords: Digital Storytelling, Written Expression, Folktale, Teacher Training, Storyjumper


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Aktay, E.G. (2020). Writing a Folktale as an Activity of Written Expression: Digital Folktales with StoryJumper . Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research, 15(3), 159-185. doi: 10.29329/epasr.2020.270.8

Harvard
Aktay, E. (2020). Writing a Folktale as an Activity of Written Expression: Digital Folktales with StoryJumper . Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research, 15(3), pp. 159-185.

Chicago 16th edition
Aktay, Emel Guvey (2020). "Writing a Folktale as an Activity of Written Expression: Digital Folktales with StoryJumper ". Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research 15 (3):159-185. doi:10.29329/epasr.2020.270.8.

References
  1. Aktaş, E., & Uzuner-Yurt, S. (2017). Effects of digital story on academic achievement, learning motivation and retention among university students. International Journal of Higher Education, 6(1), 180. http://dx.doi.org/10.5430/ijhe.v6n1p180  [Google Scholar]
  2. Alexander, B. & Levine, A. (2008). Web 2.0 storytelling: Emergence of a new genre. EDUCAUSE Review, 43(6). Retrieved from https://er.educause.edu/-/media/files/article-downloads/erm0865.pdf [Google Scholar]
  3. Amelia, L. C. H. & Abidin, M. J. Z. (2018). Young ESL learners’ perception on the effects of using digital storytelling application in English language learning. Pertanika J. Soc. Sci. & Hum. 26(T), 179–198. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1233478.pdf  [Google Scholar]
  4. Anılan, B., Berber, A. & Anılan, H. (2018). The digital storytelling adventures of the teacher candidates. Turkish Online Journal of Qualitative Inquiry (TOJQI), 9(3), 262-287. https://doi.org/10.17569/tojqi.426308 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  5. Arıcı, A. F. (2016). Çocuk edebiyatı ve kültürü. Ankara: Pegem A Press. [Google Scholar]
  6. Baki, Y. (2015). The effect of digital stories on the sixth grade students' writing process. (Unpublished doctoral thesis). Atatürk University, Erzurum. [Google Scholar]
  7. Baki, Y. (2019). The effect of digital stories on developing creative writing skills of preservice Turkish language teachers. Journal of Mother Tongue Education, 7(4), 964-995. https://doi.org/10.16916/aded.597269 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  8. Bandi-Rao, J. & Sepp, M. (2014). Designing a digital story assignment for basic writers using the TPCK framework. Journal of Basic Writing, 33(1), 103-123. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1139833.pdf  [Google Scholar]
  9. Barrett, H. C. (2005). Researching and evaluating digital storytelling as a deep learning tool. Retrieved from https://electronicportfolios.com/portfolios/SITEStorytelling2006.pdf  [Google Scholar]
  10. Bull, G. & Kajder, S. (2004).  Digital storytelling in the language art classroom. Learning & Leading with Technology, 32(4), 46-49. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ697294.pdf  [Google Scholar]
  11. Chiang, M. H. (2020). Exploring the effects of digital storytelling: A case study of adult l2 writers in Taiwan. IAFOR Journal of Education: Language Learning in Education, 8(1), 65-82. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1245831.pdf  [Google Scholar]
  12. Chisholm, J. S. & Trent, B. (2013). Digital storytelling in a place-based composition course. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 57(4), 307–318. https://ila.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1002/jaal.244    [Google Scholar]
  13. Chung, S. K. (2007). Art education technology: Digital storytelling. Art Education, 60(2), 17-22. https://doi.org/10.1080/00043125.2007.11651632 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  14. Ciğerci, F. M. (2015). The use of digital stories to develop listening skills in the elementary school fourth grade Turkish course. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Anadolu University, Eskişehir.  [Google Scholar]
  15. Creswell, J. W. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed method approaches. California: Sage Publications. [Google Scholar]
  16. Çetinkaya, F. Ç., Topçam, A. B. & Sönmez, M. (2019). Effects of drama on tale writing skills of primary school teacher candidates. Journal of Mother Tongue Education, 7(2), 337-352. https://doi.org/10.16916/aded.519127 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  17. Demirer, V. & Baki, Y. (2018). Opinions and perceptions of prospective Turkish teachers related to the digital storytelling process. Journal of Theoretical Educational Science, 11(4), 718-747. https://doi.org/10.30831/akukeg.392654 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  18. Dogan, B. (2007). Implementation of digital storytelling in the classroom by teachers trained in a digital storytelling workshop. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Houston, Houston, Texas. (Publication No. AAT 3272583).  [Google Scholar]
  19. Erişti, S. D. B. (2016). Participatory design based digital storytelling and creativity indicators in elementary school. Turkish Online Journal of Qualitative Inquiry (TOJQI), 7(4), 462-492. DOI: 10.17569/tojqi.28031 [Google Scholar]
  20. Erlandson, D. A., Harris, E. L., Skipper, B. L. & Allen, S. D. (1993). Doing naturalistic inquiry: a guide to methods. Newbury Park, California: Sage Publications. [Google Scholar]
  21. Eryaman, M. Y. (2007). Examining the characteristics of literacy practices in a technology-rich sixth grade classroom. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology (TOJET) 6(2), 26-41. [Google Scholar]
  22. Fadel, C. (2008). 21-st century skills: How can you prepare students for the new global economy? Retrieved from https://www.oecd.org/site/educeri21st/40756908.pdf  [Google Scholar]
  23. Gils, F. (2005). Potential applications of digital storytelling in education. Retrieved from https://wwwhome.ewi.utwente.nl/~theune/VS/Frank_van_Gils.pdf  [Google Scholar]
  24. Girmen, P., Özkanal, Ü. & Dayan, G. (2019). Digital storytelling in the language arts classroom. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 7(1), 55-65. DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2019.070108 [Google Scholar]
  25. Göçen, G. (2014). The effect of digital storytelling method on students’ academic achievement and learning and study strategies (Unpublished master thesis). Mugla Sitki Kocman University, Muğla. [Google Scholar]
  26. Göçen-Kabaran, G., Karalar, H., Aslan-Altan, B. & Altıntaş, S. (2019). In-service and preservice classroom teachers in digital story workshop. Cumhuriyet International Journal of Education, 8(1), 235-256. https://doi.org/10.30703/cije.469461 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  27. Graham, S., Gillespie, A. & McKeown, D. (2013). Writing: importance, development, and instruction. Read Writ, 26, 1–15. DOI 10.1007/s11145-012-9395-2 [Google Scholar]
  28. Gregory, K. & Steelman, J. (2008). Cresting the digital divide. College Journal of Research and Practice, 32(11), 880-882. [Google Scholar]
  29. Gregory, K., Steelman, J. & Caverly, D. C. (2009). Techtalk: digital storytelling and developmental education. Journal of Developmental Education, 33(2), 42-43. [Google Scholar]
  30. Hathorn, P. P. (2005). Using digital storytelling as a literacy tool for the inner city middle school youth. The Charter Schools Resource Journal, 1(1), 32-38. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/ea84/58e737eeaa6603961cb854550e0485d3105a.pdf?_ga=2.19898619.214044132.1599594995-1740101839.1580975931  [Google Scholar]
  31. Heo, M. (2009). Digital storytelling: An empirical study of the impact of digital storytelling on pre-service teachers’ self-efficacy and dispositions towards educational technology. Jl. of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia, 18(4), 405-428. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ858517  [Google Scholar]
  32. Hung, S.-T. A. (2019). Creating digital stories: EFL learners’ engagement, cognitive and metacognitive skills. Educational Technology & Society, 22(2), 26–37. https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/26819615  [Google Scholar]
  33. Kapucu, M. S., Eren, E., & Avcı, Z. Y. (2014). Investigation of pre-service science teachers’ opinions about using GoAnimate to create animated videos. Turkish Online Journal of Qualitative Inquiry, 5(4), 23-40. https://doi.org/10.17569/tojqi.45542 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  34. Karakoyun, F. (2014). Examining the views of elementary school students and preservice teachers about digital storytelling activities in online environment (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Anadolu University, Eskişehir. [Google Scholar]
  35. Karataş, S., Bozkurt, Ş. B., & Hava, K. (2016). The perspective of history pre-service teachers’ towards the use of digital storytelling in educational environments. International Journal of Human Sciences, 13(1), 500-509. doi:10.14687/ijhs.v13i1.3167   [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  36. Kotluk, N. & Kocakaya, S. (2015). Digital storytelling for developing 21st century skills: From high school students' point of view. Journal of Research in Education and Teaching, 4(2), 354-363. http://www.jret.org/FileUpload/ks281142/File/36c.nihat_kotluk..pdf  [Google Scholar]
  37. Kurudayıoğlu, M. & Bal, M. (2014). The usage of digital storytelling in mother language education. The Journal of Sau Education Faculty, 28, 74-95. [Google Scholar]
  38. Lambert, J. (2010). Digital storytelling cookbook. CA: Digital Diner Press. [Google Scholar]
  39. Levine, A. (2011). Experiments in web storytelling. The Journal of Museum Education, 36(3), 249-260. http://www.jstor.com/stable/23118049  [Google Scholar]
  40. Lincoln, Y.S. & Guba, E.G. (1985). Naturalistic inquiry. California: Sage Publications. [Google Scholar]
  41. Malita, L. & Martin, C. (2010). Digital storytelling as web passport to success in the 21st century. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2, 3060–3064. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.03.465 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  42. McLellan, H. (2008). Digital storytelling: Expanding media possibilities for learning. Educational Technology, 48(5), 18-21. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ807447  [Google Scholar]
  43. Menezes, H. (2012). Using digital storytelling to improve literacy skills. IADIS International Conference on Cognition and Exploratory Learning in Digital Age (CELDA 2012). Retrieved from https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED542821  [Google Scholar]
  44. Miles, M. B. & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: An expanded sourcebook. Sage Publications.  [Google Scholar]
  45. Mishra, P. & Koehler, M. J. (2006). Technological pedagogical content knowledge: A framework for teacher knowledge. Retrieved from http://one2oneheights.pbworks.com/f/MISHRA_PUNYA.pdf  [Google Scholar]
  46. Mullen, R. & Wednick, L. (2008). Avoiding the digital abyss: Getting started in the classroom with youtube, digital stories, and blogs. The Clearing House, 82(2), 66-69. https://doi.org/10.3200/TCHS.82.2.66-69 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  47. Niemi, H., Harju, V., Vivitsou, M., Viitanen, K., Multisilta, J. & Kuokkanen, A. (2014). Digital storytelling for 21st-century skills in virtual learning environments. Creative Education, 5, 657-671. DOI: 10.4236/ce.2014.59078  [Google Scholar]
  48. Nguyen, A. (2011). Negotiations and challenges: An investigation into the experience of creating a digital story. (Doctoral thesis) University of Houston, Houston, TX.  [Google Scholar]
  49. Oğuz, A. (2009). Trainee teachers' self-efficacy perceptions regarding their written and oral expression skills. Electronic Journal of Social Sciences, 8(30), 18-42. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/70137  [Google Scholar]
  50. Ohler, J. (2005). The world of digital storytelling. Educational Leadership, 63(4), 44-47. https://imoberg.com/files/World_of_Digital_Storytelling_The_Ohler_J._.pdf   [Google Scholar]
  51. Özkaya, P. G. & Coşkun, M. V. (2019). The effect of understanding phrase-meaning relationship through digital storytelling on academic achievement and retention. Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research, 14(3), 200-236. [Google Scholar]
  52. Özüdoğru, G. & Çakır, H. (2020). An investigation into the opinions of pre-service teachers toward uses of digital storytelling in literacy education. Participatory Educational Research (PER), 7(1), 242-256. https://doi.org/10.29329/epasr.2019.208.10 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  53. Robin, B. R. (2006). The educational uses of digital storytelling. Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference, Mar 19, 2006 in Orlando, Florida, USA ISBN 978-1-880094-58-7 Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Waynesville, NC USA [Google Scholar]
  54. Robin, B. R. (2008). Digital storytelling: A powerful technology tool for the 21st century classroom. Theory Into Practice, 47, 220–228. DOI: 10.1080/00405840802153916 [Google Scholar]
  55. Sadik, A. (2008). Digital storytelling: A meaningful technology-integrated approach for engaged student learning. Educational Technology Research and Development, 56(4), 487-506. DOI 10.1007/s11423-008-9091-8  [Google Scholar]
  56. Saltık, O. (2016). Compiled and fictionalized tales in terms of being suitable for children (Unpublished doctoral thesis). Ankara University Graduate School of Educational Sciences, Ankara.  [Google Scholar]
  57. Shelby-Caffey, C., Úbéda, E. & Jenkins, B. (2014). Digital storytelling revisited: An educator's use of an innovative literacy practice. The Reading Teacher, 68(3), 191-199. DOI: 10.1002/trtr.1273 [Google Scholar]
  58. Shelton, C. C., Archambault, L. M. & Hale, A. E. (2017). Bringing digital storytelling to the elementary classroom: Video production for preservice teachers. Journal of Digital Learning in Teacher Education, 33(2), 58-68. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ1132365  [Google Scholar]
  59. Stake, R. E. (1995). The art of case study research. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.  [Google Scholar]
  60. Story Center (2020). Our story. Retrieved from https://www.storycenter.org/history  [Google Scholar]
  61. Tabak, G. (2017). Using digital story in teaching Turkish as a foreign language (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Erciyes University, Kayseri. [Google Scholar]
  62. Uslupehlivan, E., Kurtoğlu-Erden, M. & Cebesoy, Ü. B. (2017). Digital story creation experiences of pre-service teachers. Usak University Journal of Social Sciences, 10(2), 1-22. [Google Scholar]
  63. Wang, S., & Zhan, H. (2010). Enhancing teaching and learning with digital storytelling. International Journal of Information and Communication Technology Education (IJICTE), 6(2), 76–87. DOI: 10.4018/jcte.2010040107  [Google Scholar]
  64. Waycott, J. & Kennedy, G. (2009). Mobile and web 2.0 technologies in undergraduate science: Situating learning in everyday experience. In Same places, different spaces. Proceedings ascilite Auckland 2009. Retrieved from http://www.ascilite.org.au/conferences/auckland09/procs/waycott.pdf  [Google Scholar]
  65. Wickstrom, C. (2013). Developing preservice teachers for 21st century teaching inquiry, multigenre research paper, and technology. K.E. Pytash, R.E. Ferdig & T. V. Rasinski (Ed.), Preparing Teachers to Teach Writing Using Technology in (pp. 17-42).  [Google Scholar]
  66. Wilson, M. (2014). Another fine mess: The condition of storytelling in the digital age. Narrative Culture, 1(2), 125-144. https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.13110/narrcult.1.2.0125  [Google Scholar]
  67. Xu, Y., Park, H. & Baek, Y. (2011). A New approach toward digital storytelling: An activity focused on writing self- efficacy in a virtual learning environment. Journal of Educational Technology & Society, 14(4), 181-191. https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/jeductechsoci.14.4.181  [Google Scholar]
  68. Yang, Y.-T. C. & Wu, W.-C.I. (2012). Digital storytelling for enhancing student academic achievement, critical thinking, and learning motivation: A year-long experimental study. Computers & Education 59, 339–352. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2011.12.012 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  69. Yıldırım, A. & Şimşek, H. (2018). Sosyal bilimlerde nitel araştırma yöntemleri. Ankara: Seçkin Yayıncılık.  [Google Scholar]
  70. Yin, R. K. (2003). Case study research: Design and methods. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications. [Google Scholar]
  71.   [Google Scholar]