International Association of Educators   |  ISSN: 1949-4270   |  e-ISSN: 1949-4289

Original article | Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research 2020, Vol. 15(3) 7-32

Analysis of Articles Related to Electronic Books: A Descriptive Content Analysis Study in Turkey Context

Aslı Maden

pp. 7 - 32   |  DOI:   |  Manu. Number: MANU-2002-16-0003.R1

Published online: September 24, 2020  |   Number of Views: 164  |  Number of Download: 493


The present study aimed to review the articles published in Turkey on electronic books. In the study, descriptive content analysis method was employed. In the study, national databases such as Ulakbim-UVT, Asos Index, Turkish Education Index (TEI) and international databases such as ERIC, DOAJ, EBSCO, Google Scholar and past issues of educational and social sciences journals in Web of Science (WOS) as of 2017 were searched with “e-book, electronic book, z-book, digital book" keywords both in English and Turkish. Forty-three articles that were accessed in the search were analyzed using the article classification form. The data were analyzed using frequencies and percentages. In the present study research, it was determined that the majority of the articles on e-books were on the "determination of perception, attitude and views" in e-books, the highest number of publications was published in 2013 and 2014, and the studies were mostly authored by a single scientist. Furthermore, it was determined that the authors preferred the “literature review” method, most articles lacked a “research question” in most studies where a sample was set, the data were collected from “undergraduate” students and “random sampling” was preferred. It was also determined that the "frequency" and "percentage" techniques were the most commonly used techniques in data analysis.

Keywords: E-Book, Digital Book, Reading Habit, Digital Publishing, Content Analysis

How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Maden, A. (2020). Analysis of Articles Related to Electronic Books: A Descriptive Content Analysis Study in Turkey Context . Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research, 15(3), 7-32. doi: 10.29329/epasr.2020.270.1

Maden, A. (2020). Analysis of Articles Related to Electronic Books: A Descriptive Content Analysis Study in Turkey Context . Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research, 15(3), pp. 7-32.

Chicago 16th edition
Maden, Asli (2020). "Analysis of Articles Related to Electronic Books: A Descriptive Content Analysis Study in Turkey Context ". Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research 15 (3):7-32. doi:10.29329/epasr.2020.270.1.

  1. Abdullah, N., & Gibb, F. (2008). Students’ attitudes towards e-books in a Scottish higher education institute: Part 2 analysis of e-book usage. Library Review, 57(9), 676-689. [Google Scholar]
  2. Agaoglu, B. (2013). Native open access digital resources: books, journals, articles, dissertations, manuscripts, reports, news, proceedings, bulletins, columns, regulations, open repositories. The Journal of Turkish Librarianship, 27(1), 385-397. [Google Scholar]
  3. Akaydin, S. & Cecen, M.A. (2015). A content analysis on articles related to reading skills. Education and Science, 40(178), 183-198. [Google Scholar]
  4. Alpkiray, F. & Samur, Y. (2017). A content analysis of thesis and dissertations published in Turkey on electronic books. SDU International Journal of Educational Studies, 4(1), 12-28 [Google Scholar]
  5. Altunisik, R., Coskun R., Bayraktaroglu, S. & Yıldırım, E. (2012). Scientific research methods. Istanbul, Turkey: Sakarya Publishing. [Google Scholar]
  6. Altinpulluk, H., Lale, Z., Celik, M., Peri Mutlu, A. & Buyuk, K. (2016). Cost analysis of printed books used in open and distance learning systems: The case of Anadolu University open education faculty. Open Education Applications and Research Journal (AUAd), 2(3) 8-28. [Google Scholar]
  7. Anameric, H. (2014). Technological change of book. Information World, 15(1), 176-188. [Google Scholar]
  8. Anwarul, I. M. (2013). Reading habits and attitudes in the digital environment: a study on Dhaka university students. Paper presented at the International Conference on Digital Humanities University of Nebraska 16-19 July, Lincoln, USA. [Google Scholar]
  9. Ardito, S. (2000). Electronic books: To “e” or not to “e”; that is the question. Searcher, 8(4), 1-12. [Google Scholar]
  10. Argan, M., Argan, M.T. & Kurulgan, M. (2008). Effect of formal factors about books on readers’ attitudes. Information World, 9(1),179-206. [Google Scholar]
  11. Arik, R. S. & Turkmen, M. (2009). Examination of articles in scientific journals published in the field of educational sciences. Paper presented at the I. International Congress of Educational Research, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University 1 May 2009, Turkey.  [Google Scholar]
  12. Alper, A. & Gulbahar, Y. (2009). Trends and issues in educational technologies: a review of recent research in TOJET. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology-TOJET, 8(2), 124-135. [Google Scholar]
  13. Aydogan, D.  (2014). Digitalization in novel: E-book. The Turkish Online Journal of Design, Art and Communication (TOJDAC), 4(4), 16-32.  [Google Scholar]
  14. Bas, T. (2005). How to prepare, apply and evaluate the survey?. Ankara, Turkey: Seckin Publishing. [Google Scholar]
  15. Bastug, M. & Keskin, H. K. (2012). Comparison of reading skills in terms of the reading environment: Screen vs. paper. Journal of Atatürk University Social Sciences Institute, 16(3), 73-83. [Google Scholar]
  16. Bayter, M. (2009). Cataloging of e-books. The Journal of Turkish Librarianship, 23(2). 321-336. [Google Scholar]
  17. Bozkurt, A. & Bozkaya, M. (2013). Steps of preparating ınteractive e-book as a learning material. Journal of Educational Policy Analysis, 2(2), 8-20. [Google Scholar]
  18. Buyukozturk, S., Kılıc Cakmak, E., Akgun, O. A., Karadeniz, S. & Demirel, F. (2013). Scientific research methods. Ankara, Turkey: Pegem Academy. [Google Scholar]
  19. Cumaoglu, G., Sacıcı, E. & Torun, K. (2013). E-book versus printed materials: preferences of university students. Contemporary Educatıonal Technology, 4(2), 121-135. [Google Scholar]
  20. Calik, M. & Sozbilir, M. (2014). Parameters of content analysis. Education and Science, 39(174), 33-38. [Google Scholar]
  21. Donmez, B. & Gundogdu, K. (2016).  Content analysis of articles and theses on Turkish lesson curriculum published between the years of 2000-2016. International Journal of Turkish Literature Culture Education (TLCE), 5(4), 2109-2125. [Google Scholar]
  22. Dagtas, A. (2013). On-printed page and screen reading preferences of teachers’ with their views on the use of electronic text in education. Turkish Studies, 8(3), 137-161. [Google Scholar]
  23. Dundar, H. & Akcayir, M. (2012). Tablet vs. paper: The effect on learners' reading performance. International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, 4(3), 441-450. [Google Scholar]
  24. Duran, E. ve Ertugrul, B. (2012). Elementary classroom teachers’ opinion about electronic textbooks. The Journal of Turkish Educational Sciences, 10(2), 347-365. [Google Scholar]
  25. Duran, E. & Alevli, O.  (2014). The effect of reading on screen on comprehension of eight grade students.  Research in Reading & Writing Instruction, 2(1), 1-11. [Google Scholar]
  26. Ekiz, D. (2009). Scientific research methods. Ankara, Turkey: Anı Publishing. [Google Scholar]
  27. Ercan, A. N. (2014). Analysis of graduate theses on teaching Turkish to foreigners in terms of various variables. Paper presented at the 7th International Turkish Language Teaching Conference, 19-21 June 2014, Muğla, Turkey. [Google Scholar]
  28. Erdogan, M., Marcinkowski, T. & Ok, A. (2009). Content analysis of selected features of k‐8 environmental education research studies in Turkey, 1997-2007. Environmental Education Research, 15 (5), 525-548. [Google Scholar]
  29. Erdogdu, E. (2016). Interactive e-books in the context of open and distance learning: interaction, technology, production size and examples. AUAd, 2(3),88-114. [Google Scholar]
  30. Erol, A. (2009). Electronic publishing in the world and Turkey. Unpublished master’s thesis. Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey. [Google Scholar]
  31. Erorta O. O. & Kayabas, I. (2015). Anadolu University interactive e-book project. Paper presented at the Academic Informatics Conference, 4-6 February 2015, Eskisehir, Turkey. [Google Scholar]
  32. Eryaman, M. Y. (2007). Examining the characteristics of literacy practices in a technology-rich sixth grade classroom. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology (TOJET) 6(2), 26-41. [Google Scholar]
  33. Gasouka, M., Kapaniaris, A., Arvanitidou, Z., Foulidi, X. & Raptou, E. (Aslan, S. Trans.) (2014). Folk culture and digital enriched books: The case study of the digital enriched tool “e-anagnosis”. The Journal of Faculty of Letters (KAREFAD), 4(4), 87-102. [Google Scholar]
  34. Glesne, C. (2012). Introduction to qualitative research. (A. Ersoy & P. Yalcınoglu), Ankara, Turkey: Anı Pub. [Google Scholar]
  35. Goodwyn, A. (2014), Reading is now “cool”: A study of English teachers’ perspectives on e-reading devices as a challenge and an opportunity. Educational Review, 66(3), 263-275.   [Google Scholar]
  36. Goktas, Y., Hasancebi, F., Varısoglu, B., Akcay, A., Bayrak, N., Baran, M. et al. (2012). Trends in educational research in Turkey: A content analysis. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 12(1), 177- 199. [Google Scholar]
  37. Gonen, M. & Uyanık Balat, G. (2002). A new approach to children's books: Illustrated children's books on the Internet. The Journal of Turkish Librarianship, 16(2), 163-170. [Google Scholar]
  38. Grant, J.M.A. (2004). Are electronic books effective in teaching young children reading and comprehension? International Journal of Instructional Media, 31(3), 303-308. [Google Scholar]
  39. Grimshaw S., Dungworth N., McKnight, C. & Mor¬ris, A. (2007). Electronic books: Children’s reading and comprehension. British Journal of Educational Techno¬logy, 38(4), 583–599. [Google Scholar]
  40. Gunes, F. & Kırmızı Susar, F. (2014). Developing the scale of attitudes towards reading e-books (Satre): Validity and reliability study. Bartın University Journal of Faculty of Education, 3(2), 196-212. [Google Scholar]
  41. Gunes, F. (2016). From paper to screen developments in the field of reading. Bartın University Journal of Faculty of Education, 5(1), 1-18.  [Google Scholar]
  42. Hamer, A. B., & Mcgrath, J. (2010). On-screen vs. on-page reading strategies. Session conducted at the meeting of college reading and learning association, UT: Salt Lake City. [Google Scholar]
  43. Huang, Y.M., Liang, T.H., & Chiu, C.H. (2013), Gender differences in the reading of e-books: investigating children’s attitudes, reading behaviors and outcomes. Educational Technology & Society, 16(4), 97–110.   [Google Scholar]
  44. Isık, A.D. (2013). Usability of e-books in education. Bartın University Journal of Faculty of Education, 2(2); 395-411. [Google Scholar]
  45. Ileri, Z. (2011). The effect of reading on screen on the fifth-grade elementary students level of reading comprehension and reading motivation. Unpublishing master’s thesis. Sakarya University, Turkey. [Google Scholar]
  46. Johnson, L., Levine, A., Smith, R., & Stone, S. (2010). The 2010 horizon report. Austin, Texas: The New media consortium.  [Google Scholar]
  47. Jung, S.M. & Lim, K.B. (2009). Leading future education: Development of digital textbooks in Korea. Paper presented at the 12th UNESCO-APEID International Conference Quality Innovations for Teaching and Learning, 24-26 March 2009, Bangkok, Thailand. [Google Scholar]
  48. Kaptan, S. (1973). Scientific research and statistical techniques. Ankara, Turkey: Tekışık Publishing. [Google Scholar]
  49. Kara, M. & Kes, Y. (2016). Interactive e-book as a learning tool. Art-E Journal of SDU Fine Arts Faculty, 9(17), 189-209. [Google Scholar]
  50. Karadag, E. (2010). Research models used in doctoral dissertations in the area of education sciences in Turkey: Quality of research and analytical errors. Educational Administration-Theory and Practice, 16(1), 49-71. [Google Scholar]
  51. Karadag, R. (2014). Analysis of the graduate theses in the field of reading interest, attitudes and habits: the sample of YOK and Proquest data. Pamukkale University Journal of Faculty of Education, 35(I), 1-17. [Google Scholar]
  52. Keskin, H. K., Bastug, M. & Atmaca, T. (2016). Factors directing students to academic digital reading. Education and Science, 41(188), 117-129. [Google Scholar]
  53. Kılıckaya, F. & Krajka, J. (2015). Ethical ıssues of ICT use by teacher trainers: Use of e-books in academic settings. Ankara University, Journal of Faculty of Educational Sciences, 48(2), 83-102. [Google Scholar]
  54. Kincal, R. & Korkmaz, Z.S. (2015). An evaluation on media literacy in Turkey. International Journal of Curriculum and Instructional Studies (IJOCIS), 5(10),75-90. [Google Scholar]
  55. Kocak, O., Yıldırım, O., Kursun, E. & Yıldırım, G. (2016). Investigating the status of tablet computers and e-books use of open education faculty students: A case study. International Journal of Distance Education Technologies, 14(2), 49-63. [Google Scholar]
  56. Lim, E. L., & Hew, K. F. (2014). Students’ perceptions of the usefulness of an E-book with annotative and sharing capabilities as a tool for learning: a case study. Innovations in Education and Teaching International, 51(1), 34-45. [Google Scholar]
  57. Mahajan, P. & Chakravarty, R. (2007). E-books as a tool for scholarly communication: Emerging trends and technologies. Paper presented at the 5th International CALIBER Proceedings Book (p.554-569), February 2007, Chandigarh. [Google Scholar]
  58. Moody, A. (2010). Using electronic books in the classroom to enhance emergent literacy skills in young children. Journal of Literacy and Technology, 11(4), 23-52. [Google Scholar]
  59. Mutlu, E., Korkut, B., & Yilmaz, Ü. (2006). Use of the Internet for the distribution of textbooks: An example of open education e-book application. Eskişehir, Turkey: Open Education Faculty Pub. [Google Scholar]
  60. Ozan, C. & Kose, E. (2014). Research trends in teaching areas and educational curriculums. Sakarya University Journal of Education, 4(1), 116-136. [Google Scholar]
  61. Onder, I. (2010). A case of electronic book and the situation in Turkey. Unpublished master’s thesis. Ankara University Social Sciences Institute, Turkey. [Google Scholar]
  62. Onder, I. (2011). E-books and electronic publishing in the world. The Journal of Turkish Librarianship, 25(1), 97-105. [Google Scholar]
  63. Ongoz, S. (2011). Electronic book as a learning & teaching tool. Paper presented at the 5th International Computer & Instructional Technologies Symposium, 22-24 September 2011, Elazığ: Fırat University. [Google Scholar]
  64. Ongoz, S. (2013). Electronic book use and preferences among Turkish lecturers. Education Technology: Theory and Practice, 3(1), 33-54.   [Google Scholar]
  65. Ongoz, S. & Baki, A. (2010). E-book usage of graduate students studying educational sciences ın turkey. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education (TOJDE), 11(1), 198-210. [Google Scholar]
  66. Ozen, U. & Orcanlı, K. (2013). The implementation in choosing e-book reader of ahp and topsis that are the methods of multi-criteria decision making. Journal of Usak University Social Sciences, 15, 282-310.  [Google Scholar]
  67. Ozturk, E. & Can, I. (2013). Perceptions of 5th grades on reading e-books. The Turkish Journal of Social Research, 171, 137-153. [Google Scholar]
  68. Roskos, K, Burstein. K, You. B, Brueck. J. & O’Brien. C, (2011). A formative study of an e-book instructional model in early literacy. Scientific Research, 2(1), 10-17. [Google Scholar]
  69. Rukancı, F. & Anameriç, H. (2003). E-book technology and ıts use. The Journal of Turkish Librarianship, 17(2), 147-166. [Google Scholar]
  70. Saban, A., Kocbeker Eid, B. N., Saban, A., Alan, S., Dogru, S. et al. (2010). An analysis of educational artıcles conducted by the qualitative research methodology. Journal of Ahmet Keleşoglu Educational Faculty, 30, 125-142. [Google Scholar]
  71. Segers, E. (2009). Learning from interactive vocabulary books in kindergarten. In A. Bus & S. B. Neuman (Eds.), Multimedia and literacy development, (p.112-123). New York: Routledge. [Google Scholar]
  72. Soydan, E. (2012). E-book technology and the future of the printed book. Batman University Journal of Life Sciences, 1(1), 389-399. [Google Scholar]
  73. Sozbilir, M. & Kutu, H. (2008). Development and current status of science education research in Turkey. Essays in Education, [Special Edition], 1-22. [Google Scholar]
  74. Suell, J.L., Ratchford, D., Cook, T. & Cost, H. (2013), He impact of e-readers on comprehension and reading interest. Review of Higher Education and Self-Learning, 5(17), 78-81. [Google Scholar]
  75. Simsek, A., Ozdamar, N., Uysal, O., Kobak, K., Berk, C., Kılıcer, T. et al. (2009). Current trends in educational technology research in Turkey in the new millennium. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 9(2), 115-120. [Google Scholar]
  76. Tosun, N. (2014). A study on reading printed books or e-books: reasons for student-teachers preferences. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology (TOJET), 13(1), 21-28. [Google Scholar]
  77. Varısoglu, B., Sahin, A. & Goktas, Y. (2013). Trends in Turkish education studies. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 13(3), 1767-1781. [Google Scholar]
  78. Varol, F., Ozer, S. & Turel, Y. K. (2014). Views about the interactive books designed based on ARCS motivation model. Journal of Instructional Technologies & Teacher Education, 3(3), 1-8.  [Google Scholar]
  79. Walton, E.W. (2007). Faculty and student perceptions of using e-books in a small academic institution. Paper presented at the ACRL Thirteenth National Conference Proceedings Book (p.92-99), March 2007, Baltimore. [Google Scholar]
  80. Woody, W.D., Danie, D.B. & Baker, C.A. (2010). E-books or textbooks: Students prefer textbooks. Computers & Education, 55, 945–948. [Google Scholar]
  81. Yagmur Sahin, E., Kana, F., & Varısoglu, B. (2013). The research trends of postgraduate dissertations in Turkish education departments. International Journal of Human Sciences, 10(2), 356-378. [Google Scholar]
  82. Yalman, M. (2014). Preservice teachers’ views about e-book and their levels of use of e-books. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology (TOJET), 13(2), 138-147. [Google Scholar]
  83. Yalman, M. (2015). Education faculty students’ views about use of e-books. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education (TOJDE), 16(1), 145-161. [Google Scholar]
  84. Yamac, A. & Ozturk, E. (2019). How Digital Reading Differs from Traditional Reading: An Action Research. International Journal of Progressive Education, 15(3), 207-222.  [Google Scholar]
  85. Yildirim, G. (2014). Enrichment process of e-books intended for tablet computers with video: A design based research. Unpublished master’s thesis. Atatürk University Educational Sciences Institute, Erzurum, Turkey.  [Google Scholar]
  86. Yildirim, A. & Simsek, H. (2011). Qualitative research methods in the social sciences. Ankara, Turkey: Seckin Publishing. [Google Scholar]
  87. Zivkovic, D. (2008). The electronic book: evolution or revolution?. Information World, 9(1), 1-19. [Google Scholar]
  88. Zor, A. & Kiriscan, B. Y. (2016). A proposal for the use of e-books in electronic books and art education classes.  Journal of Mediterranean Art, 9(19), 1-14. [Google Scholar]